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Table 5 Predictors for reporting of non-respectful carea during childbirth, EN-BIRTH study (n = 4296)

From: Respectful maternal and newborn care: measurement in one EN-BIRTH study hospital in Nepal

 

Uni-variate linear regression

Multi-variate linear regression

β

SE

t- value

p-value

β

SE

t- value

p-value

Global intercept

0.014

0.08

0.171

0.864

Woman’s age

 Intercept

−0.039

0.018

−2.211

0.027

0.33

0.049

6.794

 

 < 20 yrs

0.173

0.046

3.785

< 0.0001

0.022

0.055

0.395

0.693

 20–29 yrs

Reference

   

Reference

   

 ≥ 30 yrs

0.123

0.045

2.726

0.006

0.117

0.047

2.507

0.012

Ethnicity

 Intercept

−0.031

0.022

−1.412

0.158

    

 Dalit

0.061

0.039

1.562

0.118

0.051

0.039

1.326

0.185

 Janjati

0.112

0.038

2.958

0.003

0.083

0.037

2.213

0.027

 Madeshi

−0.369

0.168

−2.2

0.028

−0.344

0.165

−2.082

0.037

 Muslim

0.244

0.154

1.591

0.112

0.229

0.152

1.512

0.131

 Chettri/Brahmin

Reference

   

Reference

   

 Other

−0.29

0.088

−3.299

0.001

−0.287

0.087

−3.311

0.001

Mode of birth

 Intercept

0.366

0.04

9.066

< 0.0001

    

 Vaginal birth (spontaneous, vacuum, forceps)

Reference

   

Reference

   

Caesarean birth

−0.425

0.043

−9.777

< 0.0001

−0.402

0.044

−9.228

< 0.0001

Parity

 Intercept

−0.014

0.023

−0.626

0.532

    

No previous births

0.242

0.046

5.251

< 0.0001

0.228

0.053

4.321

< 0.0001

 1 previous birth

Reference

   

Reference

   

 2 or more previous births

−0.051

0.033

−1.536

0.125

− 0.083

0.035

−2.402

0.016

Sex

 Intercept

0.02

0.021

0.993

0.321

    

 Male

−0.045

0.031

−1.476

0.14

−0.053

0.03

−1.742

0.082

 Female

Reference

   

Reference

   
  1. Ethnic groups with socio-economic advantages include: Chettri/Brahmin and other; disadvantaged ethnic groups include Dalit, Janjati, Madeshi, Muslim
  2. β= beta coefficient, SE= standard error
  3. aNon-respectful care defined as the health service having not met religious and cultural birthing practice needs (n = 3252), and that the woman was not satisfied with privacy during her stay at the hospital (n = 3622)