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Table 5 Predictors for reporting of non-respectful carea during childbirth, EN-BIRTH study (n = 4296)

From: Respectful maternal and newborn care: measurement in one EN-BIRTH study hospital in Nepal

  Uni-variate linear regression Multi-variate linear regression
β SE t- value p-value β SE t- value p-value
Global intercept 0.014 0.08 0.171 0.864
Woman’s age
 Intercept −0.039 0.018 −2.211 0.027 0.33 0.049 6.794  
 < 20 yrs 0.173 0.046 3.785 < 0.0001 0.022 0.055 0.395 0.693
 20–29 yrs Reference     Reference    
 ≥ 30 yrs 0.123 0.045 2.726 0.006 0.117 0.047 2.507 0.012
Ethnicity
 Intercept −0.031 0.022 −1.412 0.158     
 Dalit 0.061 0.039 1.562 0.118 0.051 0.039 1.326 0.185
 Janjati 0.112 0.038 2.958 0.003 0.083 0.037 2.213 0.027
 Madeshi −0.369 0.168 −2.2 0.028 −0.344 0.165 −2.082 0.037
 Muslim 0.244 0.154 1.591 0.112 0.229 0.152 1.512 0.131
 Chettri/Brahmin Reference     Reference    
 Other −0.29 0.088 −3.299 0.001 −0.287 0.087 −3.311 0.001
Mode of birth
 Intercept 0.366 0.04 9.066 < 0.0001     
 Vaginal birth (spontaneous, vacuum, forceps) Reference     Reference    
Caesarean birth −0.425 0.043 −9.777 < 0.0001 −0.402 0.044 −9.228 < 0.0001
Parity
 Intercept −0.014 0.023 −0.626 0.532     
No previous births 0.242 0.046 5.251 < 0.0001 0.228 0.053 4.321 < 0.0001
 1 previous birth Reference     Reference    
 2 or more previous births −0.051 0.033 −1.536 0.125 − 0.083 0.035 −2.402 0.016
Sex
 Intercept 0.02 0.021 0.993 0.321     
 Male −0.045 0.031 −1.476 0.14 −0.053 0.03 −1.742 0.082
 Female Reference     Reference    
  1. Ethnic groups with socio-economic advantages include: Chettri/Brahmin and other; disadvantaged ethnic groups include Dalit, Janjati, Madeshi, Muslim
  2. β= beta coefficient, SE= standard error
  3. aNon-respectful care defined as the health service having not met religious and cultural birthing practice needs (n = 3252), and that the woman was not satisfied with privacy during her stay at the hospital (n = 3622)