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Table 3 Coverage of respectful maternity care by socio-economic characteristics, EN-BIRTH study (n = 4296)

From: Respectful maternal and newborn care: measurement in one EN-BIRTH study hospital in Nepal

   Health service met religious and cultural birthing practice needs Woman was satisfied with privacy during her stay at the hospital Baby kept in skin-to-skin contact with mother immediately after birth
n 3252 (95% CI) 3622 (95% CI) 803 (95% CI)
Woman’s age
 < 20 yrs 563 92.4 (89.9, 94.3) 88.1 (85.2, 90.5) 16.7 (13.8, 20.0)
 20–29 yrs 3149 85.9 (84.6, 87.0) 82.9 (81.6, 84.2) 19.9 (18.6, 21.4)
 ≥ 30 yrs 584 88.5 (85.7, 90.9) 88.7 (85.9, 91.0) 14.2 (11.6, 17.3)
Ethnicity
 Advantaged 2094 88.6 (87.2, 89.9) 86.3 (84.8, 87.8) 17.2 (15.6, 18.9)
 Disadvantaged 2202 85.6 (84.1, 87.0) 82.5 (80.9, 84.1) 20.2 (18.6, 21.9)
Mode of birth
 Vaginal birth (spontaneous, vacuum, forceps) 3694 85.2 (84.0, 86.3) 82.2 (80.9, 83.4) 21.7 (20.4, 23.1)
 Caesarean birth 602 98.3% (96.9–99.1) 97.3% (92.2–100.0) 0.5% (0.2–1.5)
Parity
 No previous birth 619 94.5 (92.4, 96.1) 92.4 (90.0, 94.3) 9.9 (7.7, 12.5)
 1 previous birth 1924 87.5 (85.9, 88.9) 83.0 (81.2, 84.6) 19.7 (18.0, 21.5)
 2 or more previous births 1753 84.0 (82.2, 85.7) 83.1 (81.3, 84.8) 20.8 (19.0, 22.8)
Sex of baby
 Male 2350 87.8 (86.4, 89.1) 85.1 (83.6, 86.5) 17.8 (16.3, 19.4)
 Female 1946 86.2 (84.6, 87.7) 83.6 (81.8, 85.1) 19.8 (18.1, 21.7)
  1. Ethnic groups with socio-economic advantages include Chettri/Brahmin and other; disadvantaged ethnic groups include Dalit, Janjati, Madeshi, Muslim