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Table 1 Background characteristics of women, EN-BIRTH study (n = 4296)

From: Respectful maternal and newborn care: measurement in one EN-BIRTH study hospital in Nepal

   EN-BIRTH
N Proportion (95% CI)
Age (mean ± SD) 4296 24.3 ± 4.5
Woman’s age
 < 20 yrs 563 13.1 (12.1, 14.1)
 20–29 yrs 3149 73.3 (72.0, 74.7)
 ≥ 30 yrs 584 13.6 (12.6, 14.6)
Parity
 No previous birth 619 14.4 (13.4, 15.5)
 One previous birth 1924 44.8 (43.3, 46.3)
 Two or more previous births 1753 40.8 (39.4, 42.3)
Ethnicity
 Dalit 976 22.7 (21.5, 24.0)
 Janjati 1039 24.2 (22.9, 25.5)
 Madeshi 36 0.8 (0.6, 1.2)
 Muslim 43 1.0 (0.7, 1.4)
 Chettri/Brahmin 2065 48.1 (46.6, 49.5)
 Other 137 3.2 (2.7, 3.7)
Mode of birth
 Vaginal birth (spontaneous, vacuum, forceps) 3694 86.0 (84.9, 87.0)
 Caesarean birth 602 86.0 (84.9, 87.0)
Sex of baby
 Male 2350 54.7 (53.2, 56.2)
 Female 1946 45.3 (43.8, 46.8)
Birth weight (in grams)   2920.7 ± 482.8
Low birthweighta
 No ≥2500 g 3778 88.1 (87.1, 89.0)
 Yes < 2500 g 510 11.9 (11.0, 12.9)
Gestational age (in weeks)
Preterm birtha   38.6 ± 3.4
  No, ≥37 completed weeks gestation 3901 90.9 (90.1, 91.8)
  Yes, < 37 completed weeks gestation 387 9.0 (8.2, 9.9)
  1. EN-BIRTH participants (n = 4296) were a subset from the NePeriQIP study (n = 6929) and demographic characteristics for both are shown in Additional file 3.
  2. Ethnic groups with socio-economic advantages include: Chettri/Brahmin and other; disadvantaged ethnic groups include Dalit, Janjati, Madeshi, Muslim.
  3. aMissing values = 8