Skip to main content

Table 5 Difference in maternal FAS and FA prevalence in relation to infant food refusal behaviors

From: Maternal postpartum feeding anxiety was associated with infant feeding practices: results from the mother-infant cohort study of China

Infant food refusal behaviors when feeding N FAS P value Feeding anxiety n(%) P value ORs(95% CI)a
(mean ± SD) Negative(≤38) Mild(39 ~ 52) Severe(≥53)
Spitting out food
 Never 126 39.86 ± 8.02 0.436 54 (42.9%) 66 (52.4%) 6 (4.8%) 0.001* 1
 Rarely 150 41.47 ± 8.18   58 (38.7%) 73 (48.7%) 19 (12.7%)   1.19 (0.73 ~ 1.93)
 Sometimes 148 41.36 ± 7.44   47 (31.8%) 93 (78.2%) 8 (5.4%)   1.61 (0.98 ~ 2.64)
 Often 28 42.14 ± 12.03   17 (53.1%) 9 (28.1%) 6 (18.8%)   0.66 (0.30 ~ 1.44)
Refusing to open mouth
 Never 250 40.51 ± 7.77 0.244 93 (37.2%) 144 (57.6%) 13 (5.2%) 0.026* 1
 Rarely 147 41.23 ± 8.81   64 (43.5%) 63 (42.9%) 20 (13.6%)   0.77 (0.51 ~ 1.61)
 Sometimes 54 42.93 ± 8.34   17 (31.5%) 31 (28.5%) 6 (11.1%)   1.29 (0.69 ~ 2.42)
 Often 5 39.40 ± 8.08   2 (40.0%) 3 (60.0%) 0 (0.0%)   0.89 (0.15 ~ 5.42)
Turning heads aside
 Never 205 41.17 ± 7.87 0.809 70 (34.1%) 120 (58.5%) 15 (7.3%) 0.354 1
 Rarely 155 40.63 ± 8.52   67 (43.2%) 71 (45.8%) 17 (11.0%)   0.68 (0.44 ~ 1.05)
 Sometimes 89 41.48 ± 8.50   36 (40.4%) 46 (51.7%) 7 (7.9%)   0.76 (0.46 ~ 1.27)
 Often 7 39.43 ± 7.70   3 (42.9%) 4 (51.7%) 0 (0.0%)   0.69 (0.15 ~ 3.18)
Crying
 Never 201 40.94 ± 7.90 0.955 75 (37.3%) 111 (55.2%) 15 (7.5%) 0.746 1
 Rarely 168 40.90 ± 8.59   68 (40.5%) 83 (49.4%) 17 (10.1%)   0.88 (0.57 ~ 1.33)
 Sometimes 82 41.39 ± 7.90   31 (37.8%) 45 (54.9%) 6 (7.3%)   0.98 (0.58 ~ 1.66)
 Often 5 42.20 ± 13.41   2 (40.0%) 2 (40.0%) 1 (20.0%)   0.89 (0.15 ~ 5.47)
  1. FAS Feeding anxiety score
  2. a ORs value was calculated as combination of mild and severe anxiety (FAS > 38) compared with negative (FA ≤ 38) group
  3. * P < 0.05