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Table 3 Difference in maternal FAS and FA prevalence in relation to breastfeeding-related practices

From: Maternal postpartum feeding anxiety was associated with infant feeding practices: results from the mother-infant cohort study of China

Breastfeeding-related practices N FAS P value Feeding anxiety n(%) P value ORs (95% CI) a
(mean ± SD) Negative(≤38) Mild(39 ~ 52) Severe(≥53)
Touching breast in mother’s arms within 1 h after delivery
 No 197 41.00 ± 8.22 0.968 78 (39.6%) 102 (51.8%) 17 (8.6%) 0.920 1
 Yes 259 41.03 ± 8.20   98 (37.8%) 161 (62.2%) 22 (8.5%)   1.08 (0.74 ~ 1.58)
Colostrum feeding
 No 19 44.74 ± 11.33 0.043* 6 (31.6%) 10 (52.6%) 3 (15.8%) 0.376 1
 Yes 437 40.86 ± 8.02   170 (38.9%) 231 (52.9%) 36 (8.2%)   0.73 (0.27 ~ 1.94)
Feeding other non-milk food or liquid before breastfeeding after delivery
 No 272 41.19 ± 7.89 0.583 101 (37.1%) 148 (54.4%) 23 (8.5%) 0.707 1
 Yes 184 40.76 ± 8.66   75 (40.8%) 93 (50.5%) 16 (8.7%)   0.86 (0.59 ~ 1.26)
Exclusive breastfeeding
 No 354 40.99 ± 8.14 0.911 132 (37.3%) 194 (54.8%) 28 (7.9%) 0.272 1
 Yes 102 41.10 ± 8.45   44 (43.1%) 47 (53.9%) 11 (10.8%)   0.78 (0.50 ~ 1.23)
Feeding water, beverages or juice presently
 No 201 40.40 ± 7.73 0.156 78 (38.8%) 109 (54.2%) 14 (7.0%) 0.551 1
 Yes 255 41.50 ± 8.54   98 (38.4%) 132 (51.8%) 25 (9.8%)   1.02 (0.70 ~ 1.49)
Feeding infant formula
 No 261 40.74 ± 8.11 0.403 101 (38.7%) 142 (54.4%) 18 (6.9%) 0.327 1
 Yes 195 41.39 ± 8.33   75 (38.5%) 99 (50.8%) 21 (10.8%)   1.01 (0.69 ~ 1.48)
Bottle feeding
 No 188 39.69 ± 7.92 0.004* 79 (42.0%) 100 (53.2%) 9 (4.8%) 0.043* 1
 Yes 268 41.95 ± 8.28   97 (36.2%) 141 (52.6%) 30 (11.2%)   1.28 (0.87 ~ 1.87)
Outdoor sunshine exposure
 No 251 40.27 ± 8.16 0.032* 106 (42.2%) 125 (49.8%) 20 (8.0%) 0.210 1
 Yes 205 41.93 ± 8.18   70 (34.1%) 116 (56.6%) 19 (9.3%)   1.41 (0.96 ~ 2.07)
  1. FAS Feeding anxiety score
  2. a ORs value was calculated as combination of mild and severe anxiety (FAS > 38) compared with negative (FA ≤ 38) group
  3. * P < 0.05