Skip to main content

Table 1 Summary of the findings from the systematic reviews and the theory underpinning the intervention components

From: Developing a complex intervention to support pregnant women with mild to moderate anxiety: application of the Medical Research Council framework

  Women’s views on intervention components Theory
Group and individual interventions
 Interventions delivered to groups of pregnant women • Able to share experiences
• Accessed group support
• Reduced feelings of isolation
• Helped to normalise women’s experiences
• Social support
 °Experiential knowledge
 °Social learning
 °Social comparison
 °Peer support
 Interventions delivered to individuals • Received support from HCPs
• Provided reassurance and guidance
• Therapeutic relationships
 °Collaborative role theory
 °Relational continuity
 °Social influence
Intervention components
 Mind-body • Provided options and coping strategies for managing anxiety symptoms
• Learned breathing and relaxation techniques
• Learned to recognise and adapt to anxious thoughts
• Felt more positive about the future
• Awareness, self-regulation and adapted behaviour
• Relaxation response
 Psychological • Developed an understanding of the causes of anxiety in their lives and self-awareness of their thought patterns.
• Helped women respond in a more positive way to situations and feelings, before negative thought patterns could escalate.
• Cognitive behavioural mechanisms