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Table 1  Bivariate analysis on determinants of postnatal checkup among the newborn in Ethiopia (n = 7091)

From: Determinants of postnatal checkup for newborns in Ethiopia: Further analysis of 2016 Ethiopia demographic and health survey

Variable Category Not received PNC (n = 6427) Received PNC (n = 664) Chi-square p- value
No (%) Yes (%)
Age (in year) 15–19 325(4.4) 27(4.6) 0.90
20–29 3136(47.7) 327(4.1)
30–39 2385(37.9) 250(35.8)
40–49 581(9.9) 60(10.2)
Residence Urban 1253(11.3) 238(28.2) < 0.001
Rural 5174(88.7) 426(71.8)
Religion Orthodox 2004(36.5) 331(4.6) < 0.001
Catholic 47(1.0) 2(0.2)
Protestant 1217(22.1) 104(18)
Muslim 3055(38.1) 220(26.8)
Other 104(2.2) 7(0.7)
Mothers education No education 4005(64.3) 286(49.8) < 0.001
Primary 1697(28.0) 219(31.3)
Secondary 479(4.9) 92(12.2)
Higher 246(67.0) 67(6.6)
Occupation Not working 3742(54.5) 283(45.2) 0.005
Working 2685(45.5) 381(54.8)
Wealth index Poor 3345(45.4) 209(22.9) < 0.001
Middle 914(21.0) 97(20.8)
Rich 2168(33.6) 358(56.3)
Media access No 4286(67.2) 296(46.0) < 0.001
Yes 2141(32.8) 371(54.0)
Number of ANC visit None 2379(39.2) 66(12.5) < 0.001
1–3 1882(30.9) 190(32.1)
>= 4 2166(29.9) 408(55.4)
Place of delivery Home 497(69.3) 229(40.0) < 0.001
Health institution 2330(30.7) 435(60.0)
Size of newborn baby Small 1958(32.2) 202(28.3) 0.251
Average 2675(40.6) 304(45.1)
Large 1794(27.2) 158(26.6)
Distance to the health facility Big problem 3498(59.7) 240(39.4) < 0.001
Not big problem 2929(40.3) 424(60.6)
Health insurance No 6216(96.0) 620(93.1) 0.013
Yes 211(4.0) 44(6.9)