Skip to main content

Table 2 An overview of the design of the studies which were included in the review (n = 4)

From: Cost-effectiveness evidence for strategies to promote or support breastfeeding: a systematic search and narrative literature review

First author (year of publication) Evaluation type Measure of health benefit Evaluation details Data source Quality/bias considerations
Desmond (2008) [27] CEA Month of exclusive breastfeeding • Trial or model: model (unspecified type)
• Perspective: Health service
• Time horizon: 12 months
• Price year: 2007
• Currency: US $
Patient-level data from an RCT The comparator used against the basic scenario was base case, whereby no costs were associated. The structure of the model isn’t explicitly described.
One-way sensitivity analyses were conducted exploring impact of intervention on breastfeeding and differing staff management scenarios.
Rice (2010) [28] CUA QALYs • Trial or model: model (decision tree)
• Perspective: Health service
• Time horizon: lifetime
• Price year: 2006
• Currency: British £
Published studies/meta-analyses, review of clinical literature Probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted.
Rubio-Rodríguez (2012) [29] CUA QALYs • Trial or model: model (decision tree)
• Perspective: Health service
• Time horizon: lifetime
• Price year: 2011
• Currency: Euros
Published studies/meta-analyses, review of clinical literature One way (discount rate, cost of intervention) Probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted.
Chola (2015) [30] CEA; CUA Month of exclusive breastfeeding; DALY • Trial or model: model (decision tree and Markov)
• Perspective: Provider
• Time horizon: 6 months; lifetime
• Price year: 2007
• Currency: US $
Patient-level data from an RCT, published studies/systematic reviews, patient level data, review of clinical literature One-way (mortality rate, life expectancy, cost of treating diarrhoea, and discount rate) and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted.
  1. CEA Cost-effectiveness analysis, CUA Cost-utility analysis, QALY Quality adjusted life year, DALY Disability adjusted life year, RCT Randomised controlled trial