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Table 1 Demographic features of the groups

From: Comparison of factor XII levels in gestational diabetes, fetal macrosomia, and healthy pregnancies

  CONTROL
(n = 25)
GDM
(n = 22)
MACROSOMIA
(n = 22)
p-value
Age (years) 31.6 ± 4.03 32.55 ± 2.22 30.5 ± 4.01 10.168
Parity (%)
 Multipara 7 (28) 8 (36.4) 7 (31.8) 40.828
 Primipara 18 (72) 14 (63.6) 15 (68.2)  
Gestational age at delivery (weeks) Median (Q1–Q3) 38.6(38.2–39.2) 38.8(38.4–39.3) 39.05(38.4–40) 30.001**
Maternal Height (cm) 166.28 ± 5,32 164.32 ± 5,18 168 ± 5.72 10.085
Pre-gestational BMI (kg/m2) 22.36 ± 2.73 23.5 ± 4.61 25.05 ± 5.12 30.276
BMI before delivery (kg/m2) 27.46 ± 2.69 28.7 ± 5.28 30.97 ± 5.11 10.022*
Maternal weight gain (kg) 14 ± 2.84 14.18 ± 3.66 16.45 ± 5.62 30.186
Infant’s gender (%)
 Female 13 (52) 11 (50) 13 (59) 20.816
 Male 12 (48) 11 (50) 9 (41)  
Infant height (cm) 49.84 ± 1,28 49.5 ± 1.74 51.18 ± 1.37 30.001**
Infant weight (gm) 3183.6 ± 287.37 3325.23 ± 480.53 3931.82 ± 256.3 3<0.001**
Infant weight
(% percentile)
57.8 ± 19.64 66.09 ± 27.92 96 ± 3.28 3<0.001**
Delivery method (%)
 Cesarean section 19 (76) 18 (81.8) 22 (100) 40.044
 Vaginal delivery 6 (24) 4 (18.2) 0 (0)  
Indication for cesarean (%)
 Repeat cesarean 5 (20) 8 (36) 7 (32)  
 Maternal demand 1 (4) 0 (0) 1 (5)  
 Malpresentation 5 (20) 2 (9) 1 (5)  
 Macrosomia 0 (0) 1 (5) 5 (22)  
 CPD 1 (4) 4 (18) 4 (18)  
 Others 13 (52) 7 (32) 4 (18)  
  1. Values are mean ± SD, median (Q1–Q3) or n (%) of cases in a group,
  2. SD Standard deviation, Q1 25th percentile, Q3 75th percentile
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01
  4. 1ANOVA F test, 2 Pearson chi-square test, 3 Kruskal–Wallis H test, 4 Fisher’s eExact test