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Table 2 Health behaviors of pregnant women in rural China, n = 1088

From: Maternal health behaviors during pregnancy in rural Northwestern China

Maternal Health Behaviors (1) (2)
Frequency (n) Percent (%)
[1] Have you smoked or been exposed to second-hand smoke during pregnancy?
 Yes 438 40.3
 No 650 59.7
[2] Have you consumed alcohol during pregnancy?
 Yes 55 5.1
 No 1033 94.9
[3] Have you been exposed to pesticides or other toxic chemicals during pregnancy?
 Yes 52 4.8
 No 1036 95.2
[4] Have you been exposed to X-rays or other non-medical radiological substances during pregnancy?
 Yes 32 2.9
 No 1056 97.1
[5] Have you taken folic acid during pregnancy?
 Yes 902 82.9
 No 186 17.1
[6] Dietary diversity a
 Higher dietary diversity (dietary diversity scores > = 6) 416 38.2
 Low dietary diversity (dietary diversity scores < 6) 672 61.8
[7] BMI (Body Mass Index) before Pregnancy
 Underweight (BMI < 18.5) 195 17.9
 Normal weight (BMI within 18.5 ~ 24.9) 765 70.3
 Overweight (BMI within 25 ~ 29.9) 114 10.5
 Obese (BMI > 30) 14 1.3
[8] Weight gain during pregnancy
 Below standard range 252 23.2
 Within the standard range 439 40.3
 Above standard range 397 36.5
  1. Source: Authors’ survey
  2. a We use the mean dietary diversity score for the sample (6 out of 9) as the cutoff to define higher/lower dietary diversity
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