Skip to main content

Table 2 Percentage observed to have intervention/outcome despite reporting “don’t know” for indicators included in DHS/MICS, EN-BIRTH study

From: Survey of women’s report for 33 maternal and newborn indicators: EN-BIRTH multi-country validation study

Indicator   Bangladesh Nepal Tanzania All sites pooled and 95%CI (Random effects)
Azimpur Tertiary Kushtia District Pokhara Regional Temeke Regional Muhimbili National
Mode of birth:
Mode of birth- Instrumental birth % Observed as instrumental birth 0.0 33.3 0.0 0.0 2.8 (0.0,34.3)
Total “Don’t Know” Responses in Survey 0 2 3 4 1 10
Immediate newborn care:
Baby dried or wiped immediately after birth % Observed dried/wiped 87.1 88.9 73.5 76.2 68.2 79.2 (70.5,86.7)
Total “Don’t Know” Responses in Survey 70 9 98 21 22 220
Baby placed naked against mother’s skin % Observed skin-to-skin 25.0 17.1 37.5 100.0 41.4 (11.3,75.0)
Total “Don’t Know” Responses in Survey 8 0 346 16 5 375
Early initiation of breastfeeding (within 1 h after birth) % Observed breastfeeding within 1 h 0.0 25.0 0.0 11.6 11.1 3.0 (0.0,10.5)
Total “Don’t Know” Responses in Survey 1 4 15 43 27 90
Birthweight measured % Observed weighed 91.9 64.0 95.9 97.3 93.3 91.0 (80.5,97.9)
Total “Don’t Know” Responses in Survey 62 50 123 490 30 755
Anything applied to cord % Observed anything applied to cord 96.2 95.6 99.3 1 1 97.4 (93.6,99.6)
Total “Don’t Know” Responses in Survey 555 315 4485 1 1 5353
Chlorhexidine applied to cord % Observed chlorhexidine applied to cord 95.9 95.5 99.1 1 1 97.2 (93.5,99.4)
Total “Don’t Know” Responses in Survey 565 629 4508 1 1 5700
Newborn outcomes:
Sex of the baby- Female % Observed female 0.0 71.4 40.0 66.7 56.4 (25.9,85.2)
Total “Don’t Know” Responses in Survey 0 1 7 5 3 16
Weight of the baby - < 2500 g % classified low birthweight (< 2500 g) 6.4 8.3 22.1 8.0 46.1 16.1 (6.6,28.8)
Total “Don’t Know” Responses in Survey 110 96 308 1097 102 1713
  1. 1 = Not asked in Tanzania
  2. For indicators included in DHS/MICS