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Table 1 Characteristics of newborns in inpatient wards, case note verification, EN-BIRTH study (n = 1015 children)

From: Antibiotic use for inpatient newborn care with suspected infection: EN-BIRTH multi-country validation study

  Bangladesh Nepal Tanzania
Azimpur Tertiary Kushtia District Pokhara Regional Temeke Regional Muhimbili National
N = 106 N = 303 N = 344 N = 213 N = 49
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age
  ≤ 6 days 67 (63.2) 151 (49.8) 259 (75.3) 153 (71.8) 12 (24.5)
 7–13 days 17 (16) 60 (19.8) 42 (12.2) 34 (16) 23 (46.9)
 14–20 days 13 (12.3) 42 (13.9) 19 (5.5) 13 (6.1) 9 (18.4)
 21–28 days 9 (8.5) 50 (16.5) 24 (7) 13 (6.1) 5 (10.2)
Sex
 Male/Boy 59 (55.7) 183 (60.4) 225 (65.4) 127 (59.6) 30 (61.2)
Birth weight
 1500–2000 g 7 (6.6) 38 (12.5) 15 (4.4) 14 (6.6) 4 (8.2)
 2000–2500 g 20 (18.9) 72 (23.8) 54 (15.7) 30 (14.1) 2 (4.1)
 2500+ g 65 (61.3) 165 (54.5) 263 (76.5) 165 (77.5) 40 (81.6)
 Others 14 (13.2) 28 (9.2) 12 (3.5) 4 (1.9) 3 (6.1)
Weight at admission
 1500–2000 g 5 (4.7) 41 (13.5) 3 (0.9) 3 (1.4) 0 (0)
 2000–2500 g 26 (24.5) 81 (26.7) 12 (3.5) 7 (3.3) 5 (10.2)
 2500+ g 67 (63.2) 157 (51.8) 80 (23.3) 29 (13.6) 33 (67.3)
 Others 8 (7.5) 24 (7.9) 249 (72.4) 174 (81.7) 11 (22.4)
History
 Not Feeding Well 43 (40.6) 37 (12.2) 42 (12.2) 77 (36.2) 18 (36.7)
 Lethargy/reduced consciousness 6 (5.7) 2 (0.7) 16 (4.7) 14 (6.6) 9 (18.4)
 Convulsion 3 (2.8) 8 (2.6) 12 (3.5) 21 (9.9) 7 (14.3)
 Fever 44 (41.5) 25 (8.3) 211 (61.3) 127 (59.6) 20 (40.8)
 Respiratory distress or fast breathing 36 (34) 35 (11.6) 45 (13.1) 20 (9.4) 7 (14.3)
Physical examination
 Fever (> 38 degree) 28 (26.4) 298 (98.3) 172 (50) 81 (38) 10 (20.4)
 Hypothermia (< 35 degree) 3 (2.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.5) 0 (0)
 Respiratory Rate (> 60/min) 40 (37.7) 23 (7.6) 135 (39.2) 29 (13.6) 9 (18.4)
 Bulging Fontanels 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0.9) 2 (4.1)
 Umbilical redness and draining pus 8 (7.5) 0 (0) 3 (0.9) 5 (2.3) 3 (6.1)
 Skin Pustules 2 (1.9) 2 (0.7) 11 (3.2) 3 (1.4) 3 (6.1)
Diagnosis at admission
 Sepsis 83 (78.3) 233 (76.9) 341 (99.1) 211 (99.1) 37 (75.5)
 Pneumonia 23 (21.7) 70 (23.1) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.5) 8 (16.3)
 Meningitis 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0.6) 1 (0.5) 4 (8.2)
Baby’s condition at discharge
 Alive 106 (100) 272 (89.8) 342 (99.4) 196 (92) 45 (91.8)
 Death 0 (0) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.3) 5 (2.3) 4 (8.2)
 Not Recorded 0 (0) 30 (9.9) 1 (0.3) 12 (5.6) 0 (0)