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Table 1 Characteristics of babies and women, EN-BIRTH study (n = 22,752 births)

From: Neonatal resuscitation: EN-BIRTH multi-country validation study

  Bangladesh Nepal Tanzania All sitesa
Azimpur Tertiary Kushtia District Pokhara Regional Temeke Regional Muhimbili National
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
a) Total babies observed 2903 2352 7211 6702 3584 22,752
Birth outcome - Live Birth 2896 (99.7) 2308 (98.2) 7175 (99.5) 6634 (99) 3509 (97.9) 22,522 (99.0)
Newborn condition at L&D discharge
  Alive 2895 (99.7) 2302 (97.9) 7171 (99.4) 6606 (98.6) 3490 (97.4) 22,464 (98.7)
  Fresh stillbirth 7 (0.2) 44 (1.9) 36 (0.5) 68 (1.0) 75 (2.1) 230 (1.0)
  Neonatal death 1 (0.0) 6 (0.3) 4 (0.1) 28 (0.4) 19 (0.5) 58 (0.3)
Mode of birth
  Normal vaginal birth 766 (26.4) 1369 (58.2) 5812 (80.6) 6213 (92.7) 1513 (42.2) 15,673 (68.9)
  Vaginal breech/ Vacuum/ Forceps 1 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 342 (4.7) 10 (0.1) 9 (0.3) 362 (1.6)
  Caesarean Section 2136 (73.6) 983 (41.8) 1057 (14.7) 478 (7.1) 2060 (57.5) 6714 (29.5)
Birthweight of baby < 2500 g 353 (12.1) 471 (20.0) 840 (11.7) 480 (7.2) 938 (26.2) 3082 (13.5)
Sex Female/Girl baby 1439 (49.6) 1143 (48.6) 3329 (46.2) 3229 (48.4) 1760 (49.5) 10,900 (48.1)
b) Total women observedb 2879 2309 7145 6584 3400 22,317
Women’s age
  < 18 years 25 (0.9) 2 (0.1) 305 (4.3) 25 (0.4) 7 (0.2) 364 (1.6)
  18–19 years 467 (16.2) 189 (8.2) 800 (11.2) 752 (11.4) 152 (4.5) 2360 (10.6)
  20–24 years 1150 (39.9) 901 (39) 2989 (41.8) 2263 (34.4) 687 (20.2) 7990 (35.8)
  25–29 years 856 (29.7) 714 (30.9) 2051 (28.7) 1655 (25.1) 1087 (32.0) 6363 (28.5)
  30–34 years 294 (10.2) 358 (15.5) 790 (11.1) 1117 (17.0) 883 (26.0) 3442 (15.4)
  35+ years 87 (3.0) 145 (6.3) 210 (2.9) 772 (11.7) 584 (17.2) 1798 (8.1)
Women’s education
  No education 37 (1.3) 75 (3.2) 259 (3.6) 196 (3.0) 63 (1.9) 630 (2.8)
  Primary incomplete 110 (3.8) 117 (5.1) 244 (3.4) 76 (1.2) 40 (1.2) 587 (2.6)
  Primary complete 333 (11.6) 329 (14.2) 289 (4.0) 28 (0.4) 4 (0.1) 983 (4.4)
  Secondary incomplete 976 (33.9) 917 (39.7) 1589 (22.2) 3956 (60.1) 1224 (36.0) 8662 (38.8)
  Secondary complete or higher 1263 (43.9) 837 (36.2) 4381 (61.3) 2295 (34.9) 2055 (60.4) 10,831 (48.5)
  Missing 160 (5.6) 34 (1.5) 383 (5.4) 33 (0.5) 14 (0.4) 624 (2.8)
Parity
  Nullipara 1333 (46.3) 981 (42.5) 4272 (59.8) 2848 (43.3) 1290 (37.9) 10,724 (48.1)
  Multipara 1493 (51.9) 1323 (57.3) 2866 (40.1) 3723 (56.5) 2106 (61.9) 11,511 (51.6)
  Missing 53 (1.8) 5 (0.2) 7 (0.1) 13 (0.2) 4 (0.1) 82 (0.4)
  1. aIndividually weighted
  2. bData were collected from women’s registration and survey report