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Table 1 Characteristics of women observed in labour and delivery wards, EN-BIRTH study (n = 7636)

From: Immediate newborn care and breastfeeding: EN-BIRTH multi-country validation study

  Bangladesh Nepal Tanzania Total
Azimpur Kushtia Pokhara Temeke Muhimbili
Tertiary District Regional Regional National
n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%)
Total women 545 608 938 3771 1774 7636
Woman’s Age
  < 18 years 5(0.9) 1(0.2) 38(4.1) 10(0.3) 2(0.1) 56(0.7)
 18–19 years 96(17.6) 46(7.6) 124(13.2) 429(11.4) 83(4.7) 778(10.2)
 20–24 years 217(39.8) 257(42.3) 394(42) 1299(34.4) 345(19.4) 2512(32.9)
 25–29 years 142(26.1) 164(27) 247(26.3) 943(25) 566(31.9) 2062(27)
 30–34 years 66(12.1) 102(16.8) 112(11.9) 654(17.3) 478(26.9) 1412(18.5)
 35+ years 19(3.5) 38(6.3) 23(2.5) 436(11.6) 300(16.9) 816(10.7)
Woman’s education
 No Education 7(1.3) 22(3.6) 25(2.7) 117(3.1) 32(1.8) 203(2.7)
 Primary incomplete 24(4.4) 26(4.3) 31(3.3) 47(1.2) 16(0.9) 144(1.9)
 Primary complete 78(14.3) 81(13.3) 47(5) 17(0.5) 2(0.1) 225(2.9)
 Secondary incomplete 181(33.2) 237(39) 196(20.9) 2281(60.5) 617(34.8) 3512(46)
 Secondary complete 229(42) 236(38.8) 608(64.8) 1292(34.3) 1097(61.8) 3462(45.3)
 Don’t know 26(4.8) 6(1) 31(3.3) 17(0.5) 10(0.6) 90(1.2)
Gestational age at admission (weeks)
  < 28 weeks 1(0.2) 3(0.5) 0(0) 1(0) 8(0.5) 13(0.2)
 28–31 weeks 0(0) 11(1.8) 0(0) 26(0.7) 89(5) 126(1.7)
 32–36 weeks 110(20.2) 123(20.2) 47(5) 843(22.4) 469(26.4) 1592(20.8)
 37+ weeks 434(79.6) 471(77.5) 891(95) 2901(76.9) 1208(68.1) 5905(77.3)
Mode of birth
 Vaginal birth 255(46.8) 420(69.1) 799(85.2) 3581(95) 931(52.5) 5986(78.4)
 Caesarean section 290(53.2) 188(30.9) 139(14.8) 188(5) 842(47.5) 1647(21.6)
 Missing 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 2(0.1) 1(0.1) 3(0)
  1. N = 7636 women and 7802 newborns observed for at least 1 h