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Table 1 Characteristics of women observed in labour and delivery wards, EN-BIRTH study (n = 23,015)

From: Uterotonics for prevention of postpartum haemorrhage: EN-BIRTH multi-country validation study

  Hospitals Total
Bangladesh Nepal Tanzania
Azimpur Tertiary Kushtia District Pokhara Regional Temeke Regional Muhimbili National
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Total 2910 2412 7370 6748 3575 23,015
Woman’s Age
  < 18 years 25 (0.9) 3 (0.1) 311 (4.2) 26 (0.4) 8 (0.2) 373 (1.6)
 18–19 years 475 (16.3) 197 (8.2) 817 (11.1) 767 (11.4) 159 (4.4) 2415 (10.5)
 20–24 years 1158 (39.8) 954 (39.6) 3080 (41.8) 2314 (34.3) 722 (20.2) 8228 (35.8)
 25–29 years 867 (29.8) 736 (30.5) 2114 (28.7) 1697 (25.1) 1134 (31.7) 6548 (28.5)
 30–34 years 297 (10.2) 373 (15.5) 827 (11.2) 1146 (17) 924 (25.8) 3567 (15.5)
 35+ years 88 (3) 149 (6.2) 221 (3) 798 (11.8) 628 (17.6) 1884 (8.2)
Woman’s education
 No education 39 (1.3) 77 (3.2) 268 (3.6) 202 (3) 66 (1.8) 652 (2.8)
 Primary incomplete 111 (3.8) 127 (5.3) 252 (3.4) 81 (1.2) 45 (1.3) 616 (2.7)
 Primary complete 339 (11.6) 347 (14.4) 302 (4.1) 31 (0.5) 5 (0.1) 1024 (4.4)
 Secondary incomplete 985 (33.8) 954 (39.6) 1637 (22.2) 4053 (60.1) 1299 (36.3) 8928 (38.8)
 Secondary complete or higher 1273 (43.7) 870 (36.1) 4509 (61.2) 2346 (34.8) 2146 (60) 11,144 (48.4)
 Don’t know 163 (5.6) 37 (1.5) 402 (5.5) 35 (0.5) 14 (0.4) 651 (2.8)
Parity
 Nullipara 1350 (46.4) 1038 (43) 4402 (59.7) 2917 (43.2) 1363 (38.1) 11,070 (48.1)
 Multipara 1504 (51.7) 1369 (56.8) 2961 (40.2) 3816 (56.6) 2207 (61.8) 11,857 (51.5)
 Missing 56 (1.9) 5 (0.2) 7 (0.1) 15 (0.2) 5 (0.2) 88 (0.4)
Mode of birth
 Normal vaginal birth 767 (26.4) 1364 (56.6) 5840 (79.2) 6184 (91.6) 1506 (42.1) 15,661 (68)
 Vaginal births: Breech,
 Vacuum/Forceps
1 (0) 0 (0) 349 (4.8) 10 (0.1) 9 (0.2) 369 (1.6)
 Caesarean Section 2119 (72.8) 972 (40.3) 1140 (15.5) 472 (7.0) 1995 (55.8) 6698 (29.1)
Estimated Blood Loss at birth
 Normal: ≤500mls 2792 (97.2) 2236 (95.9) 6993 (95.6) 6289 (96.2) 3026 (90.1) 21,336 (95.2)
 PPH: > 500 - ≤1000 mls 48 (1.7) 63 (2.7) 133 (1.8) 157 (2.4) 243 (7.2) 644 (2.9)
 Severe PPH > 1000 mls 6 (0.2) 11 (0.5) 3 (0.04) 12 (0.2) 12 (0.4) 44 (0.2)
 Missing 26 (0.9) 22 (0.9) 185 (2.5) 80 (1.2) 79 (2.4) 392 (1.8)