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Table 2 Factors associated with nutritional status of pregnant women in Silte Zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2019, (n = 417)

From: Prevalence and associated factors of undernutrition among pregnant women visiting ANC clinics in Silte zone, Southern Ethiopia

Variables   Nutritional status(n) P value Crude odds ratio
(95% C.I.)
P value Adjusted odds ratio
(95% C.I.)
Well-nourished (> = 23 cm) Under nourished (< 23 cm)
Age of the women in years 15–20 49 21   1   1
21–25 94 23 0.109 0.57 (0.29,1.13) 0.102 0.26 (0.05,1.31)
26–30 125 38 0.283 0.71 (0.38,1.33) 0.400 0.52 (0.11,2.4)
31–35 46 6 0.019 0.3 (0.11,0.82) 0.041 0.15 (0.03,0.93)
> = 36 12 3 0.44 0.58 (0.15,2.28) 0.506 0.49 (0.06,4.01)
Employment status of husband Unemployed 222 66   1   1
Government employee 61 19 0.876 1.05 (0.58,1.88) 0.905 1.06 (0.44,2.56)
Private employee 23 2 0.101 0.29 (0.07,1.27) 0.106 0.15 (0.07,1.5)
Birth interval One year 10 9   1   1
Two years 86 19 0.00 0.25 (.009,0.69) 0.003 0.10 (0.02,0.44)
Three years 101 29 0.02 0.32 (0.12,0.86) 0.020 0.18 (0.04,0.76)
Four years 23 5 0.03 0.24 (0.06,0.91) 0.009 0.10 (0.02,0.57)
Five and above years 11 1 0.04 0.10 (0.01,0.95) 0.045 0.07 (0.01,0.95)
Gestational age 1st trimester 5 3   1   1
2nd trimester 111 21 0.133 0.32 (0.07,1.42) 0.505 0.42 (0.034,5.3)
3rd trimester 210 67 0.396 0.53 (0.12,2.28) 0.717 0.64 (0.06,7.39)
Daily meal frequency > 3 90 42   1   1
≤3 236 49 0.001 0.45 (0.28,0.72) 0.739 0.87 (0.39,1.94)
Nutrition knowledge Poor 142 62   1   1
Good 184 29 0.000 0.36 (0.22,0.59) 0.002 0.34 (0.17,0.67)
Dietary change as result of current pregnancy Yes 230 34   1   1
No 96 57 0.000 4.02 (2.47,6.54 0.000 6.02 (2.99,12.14)
  1. n refers to frequency