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Table 1 Distribution of cohort demographics, overall and by presence of symptoms

From: Psychosocial factors associated with postpartum psychological distress during the Covid-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

  Overall IES-R < 24 IES-R ≥ 24 p-value EPDS < 11 EPDS ≥ 11 p-value
N = 163 n = 93 n = 70   n = 91 n = 72
Age (years, mean ± SD) 34.77 (5.01) 35.65 (5.14) 33.61 (4.62) 0.010 35.62 (4.96) 33.71 (4.90) 0.015
Marital status (%)     0.100    0.164
 Single 10 (6.1) 3 (3.2) 7 (10.0)   3 (3.3) 7 (9.7)  
 Married/cohabitant 152 (93.3) 90 (96.8) 62 (88.6)   87 (95.6) 65 (90.3)  
 Separated/divorced 1 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.4)   1 (1.1) 0 (0.0)  
Level of education (%)     0.449    0.548
 Low secondary school 16 (9.8) 8 (8.6) 8 (11.4)   7 (7.7) 9 (12.5)  
 High secondary school 54 (33.1) 28 (30.1) 26 (37.1)   32 (35.2) 22 (30.6)  
 University 93 (57.1) 57 (61.3) 36 (51.4)   52 (57.1) 41 (56.9)  
Employment status (%)     0.214    0.567
 Unemployed 25 (15.3) 16 (17.2) 9 (12.9)   16 (17.6) 9 (12.5)  
 Employed 135 (82.8) 77 (82.8) 58 (82.9)   74 (81.3) 61 (84.7)  
 Student 1 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.4)   0 (0.0) 1 (1.4)  
 Partially employed 2 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.9)   1 (1.1) 1 (1.4)  
Nationality (%)     0.135    0.162
 Italian 148 (90.8) 86 (92.5) 62 (88.6)   82 (90.1) 66 (91.7)  
 European 7 (4.3) 5 (5.4) 2 (2.9)   6 (6.6) 1 (1.4)  
 non-European 8 (4.9) 2 (2.2) 6 (8.6)   3 (3.3) 5 (6.9)  
  1. IES-R denotes Impact of Event Scale-Revised, EPDS Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale.