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Table 2 Gold Standard for Identification of alarm symptoms in the puerperium instrument

From: Development of two instruments for assessing maternity health needs: protocol of a clinimetric study

Postpartum signs and symptoms Gold Standard
INFORMATION ABOUT THE BIRTH Electronic clinical history
URINARY INCONTINENCE ICIQ. International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire
Espuña Pons M, Rebollo Álvarez P, Puig Clota M. Validación de la versión española del International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form. Un cuestionario para evaluar la incontinencia urinaria. Medicina Clínica 2004;122 (8): 288–292
FUNCTIONAL STATUS SF-12 Health Survey Short Form
Alonso, J., Prieto, L., & Anto, J. M. The Spanish version of the SF-36 Health Survey (the SF-36 health questionnaire): an instrument for measuring clinical results. Medicina clínica. 1995; 104 (20), 771–776.
SELF CARE PVS. Prescribe vida saludable
Bully, P., Sanchez, A., Grandes, G. et al. Metric properties of the “prescribe healthy life” screening questionnaire to detect healthy behaviors: a cross-sectional pilot study. BMC Public Health. 2016; 16, 1228 doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3898-8
SELF-IMAGE Test EDI-3. Eating Disorder Inventory
Elosua, P., López-Jáuregui, A. y Sánchez-Sánchez, F. Manual de la adaptación al español del Eating Disoder Inventory-3. 2010. Madrid.TEA Ediciones
DEPRESSION Edimburgh potstnatal depresión scale (EDPS)
Garcia-Esteve, L., Ascaso, C., Ojuel, J., & Navarro, P. (2003). Validation of the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) in Spanish mothers. Journal of affective disorders. 2003; 75 (1), 71–76
PARENTAL SENSE OF COMPETENCE Test PSOC. Parental Sense of Competence
Oltra-Benavent, P., Cano-Climent, A., Oliver-Roig, A., Cabrero-García, J., & Richart-Martínez, M. Spanish version of the Parenting Sense of Competence scale: Evidence of reliability and validity. Child & Family Social Work.2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/cfs.12693
SLEEP Test ISI. Insomnia Severity Index
Fernandez-Mendoza, J., Rodriguez-Muñoz, A., Vela-Bueno, A., Olavarrieta-Bernardino, S., Calhoun, S. L., Bixler, E. O., & Vgontzas, A. N. The Spanish version of the Insomnia Severity Index: a confirmatory factor analysis. Sleep medicine. 2012; 13 (2), 207–210.doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2011.06.019
SOCIAL SUPPORT Medical Outcomes Study – Social Support Survey. (MOS-SSS)
Gómez-Campelo, P., Pérez-Moreno, E. M., de Burgos-Lunar, C., Bragado-Álvarez, C., Jiménez-García, R., & Salinero-Fort, M. Á. Psychometric properties of the eight-item modified Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey based on Spanish outpatients. Quality of Life Research. 2014;23 (7), 2073–2078.
BREASTFEEDING Prenatal Breast-feeding Self-efficacy Scale
Piñeiro-Albero R M, Ramos-Pichardo J D, Oliver-Roig A, Velandrino-Nicolás A, Richart-Martínez M, García-de-León-González R, Wells K J. The Spanish version of the Prenatal Breast-feeding Self-efficacy Scale: Reliability and validity assessment. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2013. Volume 50, Issue 10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2012.12.010
SEXUAL ACTIVITY/SATISFACTION Escala FSM, Función Sexual de la Mujer
Sánchez F, Pérez Conchillo M, Borrás Valls JJ, Gómez Llorens O, Aznar Vicente J, Caballero Martin de las Mulas A. Diseño y validación del cuestionario de Función Sexual de la Mujer (FSM). Aten Primaria 2004;34 (6):286–94. doi: https://doi.org/10.1157/13067028
CONTRACEPTION Electronic clinical history