Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Longitudinal change in arterial stiffness after delivery in women with preeclampsia and normotension: a prospective cohort study

Variable Preeclampsia (n = 37) Control (n = 36) P valuea
Age, years 34.8 ± 3.6 32.9 ± 3.6 0.029
History of preeclampsia, n (%) 2 (5.4) 1 (2.8) 0.999
Onset of preeclampsia, n (%)
 Early onset 22 (59.5)   
 Late onset 15 (40.5)   
Peak body weight during pregnancy, kg 70.4 ± 11.8 65.6 ± 7.5 0.042 (0.108b)
Primipara 24 (64.9) 24 (66.7) 0.871
Twins, n (%) 4 (10.8) 1 (2.8) 0.358
Gestational week at delivery 33.7 ± 3.0 37.7 ± 2.0 <0.001
Fetal birth weight, kg 1.79 ± 0.58 2.93 ± 0.52 <0.001
Waist-to-hip ratio 0.92 ± 0.05 0.92 ± 0.06 0.874
BMI, m2/kg 27.4 ± 5.0 25.0 ± 2.8 0.015 (0.050b)
Mean CAVIc 6.92 ± 1.69 6.53 ± 1.50 0.306 (0.032b)
Hypertensiond, n (%) 2 (5.4) 0 0.494
Diabetes mellituse, n (%) 4 (10.8) 0 0.115
SBP, mmHg 142.4 ± 12.7 111.4 ± 10.5 < 0.001
DBP, mmHg 83.9 ± 9.3 63.2 ± 7.8 < 0.001
Hemoglobin, mg/dL 12.0 ± 2.0 11.4 ± 1.8 0.164
Total cholesterol, mg/dL 232.6 ± 49.6 208.6 ± 46.3 0.036
HDL cholesterol, mg/dL 59.9 ± 14.6 62.6 ± 13.1 0.419
LDL cholesterol, mg/dL 126.2 ± 33.0 112.2 ± 33.7 0.082 (0.017b)
Triglyceride, mg/dL 255.6 ± 92.5 213.6 ± 60.5 0.026 (0.061b)
Creatinine, mg/dL 0.693 ± 0.255 0.532 ± 0.092 0.001 (0.007b)
AST, IU/L 31.0 ± 17.2 17.9 ± 7.6 < 0.001
ALT, IU/L 27.0 ± 26.9 11.4 ± 6.2 0.002 (<0.001b)
Hypertension treatment, n (%) 23 (62.2%) 0% <0.001
Treatment regimen, n (%)
 Single drug 13 (56.5)   
 Two drugs 8 (34.8)   
 Three drugs 2 (8.7)   
Type of antihypertensive drug, n (%)
 CCB 23 (100%)   
 BB 2 (8.7%)   
  1. Data are presented as numbers and percentages or mean ± SD. aT-test or Chi-square test. bThe Mann-Whitney test was used due to a skewed distribution. cThe mean CAVI is the average of the right and left CAVIs. drefers to pre-pregnancy hypertension. eTwo women had type-1 diabetes mellitus; the remaining women had type-2 diabetes mellitus
  2. SD Standard deviation, BMI Body mass index, CAVI Cardio-ankle vascular index, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, HDL High density lipoprotein, LDL Low density lipoprotein, AST Aspartate aminotransferase, ALT Alanine aminotransferase, CCB Calcium channel blocker, BB Beta blocker