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Table 4 Intention-to-treat analysis according to the original randomization groups for patient who required delivery when not in spontaneous labor

From: Cesarean delivery or induction of labor in pre-labor twin gestations: a secondary analysis of the twin birth study

Outcome n (%) Planned CS (n = 568) Planned VD (n = 779) aOR (95% CI) P value
Composite primary outcome 22 (1.9%) 25 (1.6%) 0.82 (0.43–1.56) 0.55
Death 9 (0.8%) 12 (0.8%) 0.96 (0.35–2.64) 0.95
Serious neonatal morbiditya 13 (1.1%) 13 (0.8%) 0.72 (0.31–1.65) 0.45
Maternal death or serious maternal morbidity 54 (9.5%) 60 (7.7%) 0.79 (0.54–1.16) 0.24
Maternal death 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.1%) 0.72 (0.04–11.67) 0.82
  1. CS Cesarean section, VD Vaginal delivery
  2. Adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and their 95% confidence intervals (95%-CI) represent the result of a generalized estimating equation, accounting for maternal age, parity, previous CS, gestational age at delivery, presentation at delivery, antenatal corticosteroids use and for the correlation between infants from the same pregnancy
  3. aSerious neonatal morbidity: birth trauma (long-bone fracture, other bone fracture, facial-nerve injury at 72 h of age or at discharge, intracerebral hemorrhage); Apgar score < 4 at 5 min; neurological (≥ 2 seizures before 72 h of age; coma; stupor or decreased response to pain); respiratory (assisted ventilation for ≥24 h by endotracheal tube, inserted before 72 h of age; bronchopulmonary dysplasia); neonatal sepsis before 72 h of age; necrotizing enterocolitis; grade III or IV intraventricular hemorrhage and cystic periventricular leukomalacia