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Table 2 Identified themes and subthemes

From: Women’s experience of psychological birth trauma in China: a qualitative study

Themes Subthemes
How am I supposed to relieve the endless pain? Excruciating pain
Inaccessibility to labor analgesia
Can’t I be weak? Constant pressure
Burden of expectation
Am I not important? Powerlessness to decide
Gender preference
Neglect by the medical staff
What uncertainties are waiting for me? Unknown process
Security concern
Tense atmosphere