Skip to main content

Table 4 Maternal nutrition and leukocyte telomere length (n=297)

From: Association between micronutrients and maternal leukocyte telomere length in early pregnancy in Rwanda

  Descriptive Simple Linear regression
Total N (%) or mean ±SD) Leukocyte telomere length mean ±SD (T/S) β CI P
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 11.23 ± 1.13 1.16 ±0.22 0.04 [-0.01; 0.03] 0.47
Anemia (<11 g/dl)
 No 205 (69.0) 1.15 ± 0.21 Ref   
 Yes 92 (31.0) 1.19 ± 0.24 0.07 [-02;0.09] 0.21
STFR (mg/L) (Soluble Transferrin Receptors) 4.81 ± 1.49 1.16 ±0.22 -0.13 [-0.03; -0.01] 0.02*
STFR (mg/L) Deficiency
 No deficiency (≤8.3 mg/L) 287 (96.6) 1.17 ± 0.22 Ref   
 Deficiency (>8.3 mg/L) 10 (3.4) 1.04 ± 0.18 -0.10 [-0.26; 0.17] 0.08
Retinol Binding Protein (RBP) (μmol/L) 1.38 ± 0.40 1.16 ± 0.22 -2.19 [-0.13; -0.01] 0.03*
RBP(μmol/L) Deficiency
 No deficiency (≥0.83 μmol/L) 239 (80.5) 1.17 ± 0.18 Ref   
 Deficiency (< 0.83 μmol/L) 58 (19.5) 1.16 ± 0.23 0.03 [-0.05; 0.08] 0.66
Ferritin (μg/L) 73.52 1.16 ± 0.22 -0.09 [-0.01; 0.03] 0.12
Ferritin  Deficiency (<12 μg/L)
 No Deficiency (<12 μg/L) 240 (80.8) 1.16 ± 0.22 Ref   
 Deficiency (≥12 μg/L) 58 (19.2) 1.17 ± 0.23 -0.01 [-0.07; 0.06] 0.84
Minimum Dietary Diversity for Women (MDDW) 4.61 ± 1.68 1.16 ± 0.22 -0.03 [-0.06; 0.3] 0.56
MDDW Deficiency
 Adequate MDDW 145 (48.8) 1.15 ± 0.22 Ref   
 Low MDDW 152 (51.2) 1.17 ± 0.23 -0.03 [-0.07; 0.04] 0.50
Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) d(cm)(Mean +/-SD) 25.72 ± 3.06 1.16 ± 0.23 -0.09 [-0.02; 0.002] 0.30
MUAC Indication of Malnutrition
 ≥23 cm 236 (79.5) 1.16 ± 0.23 Ref   
 <23 cm 58 (19.5) 1.18 ± 0.22 -0.04 [-0.09; 0.04] 0.45
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. na Sample size reduced by missing responses among covariates