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Table 3 The relationship between pregnant women’s characteristic and attitudes towards male involvement in maternal services utilization

From: Exploring factors influencing pregnant Women’s attitudes, perceived subjective norms and perceived behavior control towards male involvement in maternal services utilization: a baseline findings from a community based interventional study from Rukwa, rural Tanzania

Variables Negative attitude Positive attitude X2 p-value
Frequency Percent (%) Frequency Percent (%)
Group
 Intervention 116 21.2 66 12.1   
 Control 200 36.6 164 30 3.846 0.05
Age group
 Less than 20 63 11.50 38 7.00   
 21 to 25 94 17.20 60 11.00   
 26 to 30 65 11.90 48 8.80 5.357 0.253
 31 to 35 35 6.40 40 7.30   
 36+ 59 10.80 44 8.10   
Age at marriage
 Less than 18 158 28.90 76 13.90   
 19 to 24 129 23.60 119 21.80 16.566 < 0.001
 25 = + 29 5.30 35 6.40   
Education status
 No formal 136 24.9 58 10.60   
 Primary school 166 30.40 158 28.90 18.471 < 0.001
 Secondary school or higher 14 2.60 14 2.60   
Ethnic group
 Fipa 198 36.30 141 25.80   
 Mambwe 41 7.50 71 13.00 41.752 < 0.001
 Others 77 14.10 18 3.30   
Economic status
 Less than one dollar per day 234 42.90 151 27.70   
 At least one dollar per day 82 15.00 79 14.50 4.516 0.034
Own mobile phone
 Yes 76 13.90 92 16.80   
 No 240 44.00 138 25.30 15.896 < 0.001
Walking distance
 Less than 1 km 151 27.70 109 20.00   
 1 to 5 km 133 24.40 97 17.80 0.017 0.992
 More than 5 km 32 5.90 24 4.40   
Ever heard about birth preparedness
 Yes 252 46.20 196 35.90 2.705 0.100
 No 64 11.70 34 6.20