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Table 3 Primary Model Results: Effect of Intervention Condition on Child-Bearers’ Distress Trajectories and Moderation by Baseline Characteristics

From: Effects of prenatal mindfulness-based childbirth education on child-bearers’ trajectories of distress: a randomized control trial

Variable γ p
A. Main Effects
 Distress Intercept (predicted T4 level) .045 .816
  MIL Participation −.250 .229
 Distress Slope (T1–4 change) .012 .871
  MIL Participation −.123 .098
B. Moderated Effects – Baseline Symptoms
 Distress Intercept (predicted T4 level) .012 .945
  MIL Participation −.261 .162
  T1 Anxiety .641 .009
  MIL x T1 Anxiety −.584 .004
 Distress Slope (T1–4 change) .011 .858
  MIL Participation −.106 .101
  T1 Anxiety −.040 .553
  MIL x T1 Anxiety −.172 .005
C. Moderated Effects – Baseline Mindfulness
 Distress Intercept (predicted T4 level) .018 .908
  MIL Participation −.300 .123
  T1 Mindfulness −.796 .020
  MIL x T1 Anxiety .787 .006
 Distress Slope (T1–4 change) .003 .957
  MIL Participation −.103 .111
  T1 Mindfulness −.120 .231
  MIL x T1 Mindfulness .316 .001
  1. Note. γ = standardized coefficient from HLM model; MIL = Mind in Labor condition (vs. TAU); Distress = composite of Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D), State Trait Anxiety Inventory – Trait (STAIT), and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) scores; Anxiety = STAIT; Mindfulness = Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) total