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Table 4 Crude and adjusted Odds Ratios of skilled birth attendance and women’s empowerment using a logistic regression with complex sampling analysis (n = 4400)

From: Dimensions of women’s empowerment on access to skilled delivery services in Nepal

Variables Crude OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR (95%CI) P value
Women’s empowerment
Socio-cultural empowerment
Highest educational level    0.000
 No education 1 1  
 Primary 1.54 (1.19 to 2.01) 1.41 (1.08 to 1.84)  
 Secondary 2.85 (2.23 to 3.64) 2.09 (1.65 to 2.65)  
 Higher 5.70 (4.19 to 7.74) 2.65 (1.92 to 3.67)  
Attitude towards wife beating    0.135
 Negative attitude 1 1  
 Positive attitude 0.78 (0.64 to 0.94) 0.86 (0.71 to 1.05)  
Knowledge of property    0.843
 Unknown 1 1  
 Known 0.94 (0.69 to 1.27) 0.97 (0.69 to 1.36)  
Economic Empowerment
Occupation of Women    0.000
 Not working 1 1  
 Agriculture 0.63 (0.51 to 0.77) 0.66 (0.05 to 0.81)  
 Other occupations 1.57 (1.21 to 2.05) 1.06 (0.80 to 1.40)  
Property possession    0.087
 Not owned 1 1  
 Owned 1.83 (1.41 to 2.37) 1.30 (0.96 to 1.76)  
Owns bank account    0.017
 No 1 1  
 Yes 1.83 (1.51 to 2.21) 1.26 (1.04 to 1.53)  
Empowerment on media/information technology
Media exposure    0.001
 No access 1 1  
 Medium access 2.08 (1.71 to 2.54) 1.40 (1.14 to 1.73)  
 High access 3.76 (2.85 to 4.97) 1.63 (1.22 to 2.18)  
Internet use    0.000
 Never 1 1  
 Sometimes 3.78 (3.04 to 4.96) 2.00 (1.60 to 2.48)  
Familial/interpersonal Empowerment
Decision making power    0.627
 Low 1 1  
 High 1.21 (1.04 to 1.41) 0.96 (0.82 to 1.13)