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Table 1 Description of data collection tools used to assess psychological and social morbidity

From: Maternal multimorbidity during pregnancy and after childbirth in women in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic literature review

No. Data collection tools to assess psychological morbidity International abbreviation Original country, author, and date
 1. Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale AKUADS Pakistan, Ali 1988 [52]
 2. Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised CIS-R USA, Lewis 1992 [53]
 3. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale EPDS UK, Cox 1987 [54]
 4. Harvard Trauma Questionnaire HTQ USA, Mollica 1992 [55]
 5. Kessler-10 item psychological distress scale K-10 USA, Kessler 2002 [56]
 6. List of Threatening Experiences questionnaire LTE-Q UK, Brugha 1985 [57]
 7. Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating scale MADRA UK, Montgomery 1979 [58]
 8. Patient Health Questionnaire PHQ-9 USA, Spitzer 1992 [59]
 9. Self-Reporting Questionnaire-(20 Items) SRQ-20 WHO, Switzerland, Beusenberg 1994 [60]
 10. State-Trait Anxiety Inventory STAI USA, Spielberger 1983 [61]
 11. Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition SCI- DSM IV USA, American Psychiatric Association 1994 [62]
 12. WHO version of the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale CES-DR USA, Radloff 1977 [63]
 13. Mini-intentional neuropsychological MINI USA, Sheehan, 1998 [64]
No. Data collection tools to assess social morbidity International abbreviation Original country, author, and date
 1. Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test AUDIT WHO, Babor 2001 [65]
 2. CAGE (Cut-annoyed-guilty-eye) Questionnaire CAGE USA, Ewing 1970 [66]
 3. Maternity Social Support Index MSSI USA, Pascoe 1988 [67]
 4. Social Provisions Scale SPS USA, Cutrona 1987 [68]
 5. HIV-AIDS Stigma Instrumental PHWHA HASI-P WHO, Babor 2001 [69]