Skip to main content

Table 1 Maternal characteristics at initial prenatal care visit and outcomes by pregnancy intention

From: Psychosocial status and prenatal care of unintended pregnancies among low-income women

  Overall Intended Pregnancy Unintended Pregnancy p-value
N = 870 N = 529 N = 341
Participant Characteristics, Mean (SD) or n (%)
 Average Age, years 29.3 (6.1) 30.3 (5.5) 27.7 (6.5) <.001
 Race/Ethnicity     .02
  White 235 (28.4) 156 (30.7) 79 (24.7)  
  Hispanic or Latino 419 (50.6) 236 (46.5) 183 (57.2)  
  Black 84 (10.1) 59 (11.6) 25 (7.8)  
  Other 90 (10.9) 57 (11.2) 33 (10.3)  
 Annual Household Income     <.001
   < $10 k/year 127 (16.5) 61 (12.9) 66 (22.0)  
  $10 k-$20 k/year 181 (23.4) 113 (23.9) 68 (22.7)  
  $20 k-$50 k/year 301 (39.0) 175 (37.1) 126 (42.0)  
   > $50 k/year 163 (21.1) 123 (26.1) 40 (13.3)  
 Marital Status     <.001
  Married/living together 693 (80.6) 464 (88.9) 229 (67.8)  
  Other 167 (19.4) 58 (11.1) 109 (32.2)  
 Place of Birth     .06
  United States 307 (36.1) 174 (33.5) 133 (40.2)  
  Other 544 (63.9) 346 (66.5) 198 (59.8)  
 Gravida 2.51 (1.5) 2.47 (1.4) 2.57 (1.6) .33
 Health Insurance Status     .01
  Commercial 239 (27.5) 167 (31.6) 72 (21.2)  
  Free care 21 (2.4) 12 (2.3) 9 (2.7)  
  Medicaid/Government 512 (59.0) 296 (56.0) 216 (63.7)  
  Self-pay 96 (11.1) 54 (10.2) 42 (12.4)  
 Primary care visit within the last 12 months     .01
  Yes 599 (69.2) 380 (72.5) 219 (64.2)  
  No 266 (30.8) 144 (27.5) 122 (35.8)  
Measured Outcomes, n (%)
 Current Stress     <.001
  Experiencing stress 229 (26.7) 113 (21.7) 116 (34.4)  
  Little or no Stress 629 (73.3) 408 (78.3) 221 (65.6)  
 Current Depression     .004
  Experiencing depression 63 (8.2) 27 (5.81) 36 (12.0)  
  No depression 703 (91.8) 438 (94.2) 265 (88.0)  
 Gestational Age at Initial Prenatal Visit     <.001
  Initiated care after first trimester 154 (18.3) 73 (14.2) 81 (24.7)  
  Initiated care within the first trimester 689 (81.7) 442 (85.8) 247 (75.3)