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Table 5 Adverse outcomes in the total stage of labor in multiparous women. (n = 7109)

From: The impact of stage of labor on adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in multiparous women: a retrospective cohort study

  Duration of total stage of labor Linear trend X2 P
< 12 h 12–23.9 h ≥24 h
Overall outcomes 1227(21.5) 372(30.8) 78(42.4) 84.90 < 0.001
Maternal outcomes 420(7.3) 190(15.7) 61(33.2) 195.48 < 0.001
 Referral cesarean delivery 43(0.8) 39(3.2) 16(8.7) 111.98 < 0.001
 Instrumental delivery 129(2.3) 62(5.1) 16(8.7) 51.34 < 0.001
 Postpartum hemorrhage 113(2.3) 34(3.3) 8(5.1) 6.86 0.009
 III and IV degree laceration 55(1.1) 18(1.7) 5(3.1) 6.96 0.008
 Length of stay≥90th 172(3.0) 116(9.6) 44(23.9) 239.48 < 0.001
Neonatal outcomes 936(16.4) 241(20.0) 36(19.6) 8.61 0.003
 NICU 313(5.5) 89(7.4) 9(4.9) 2.91 0.088
 Shoulder dystocia 143(2.5) 35(3.0) 7(3.9) 1.68 0.194
 Apgar ≤7(5 min) 58(1.0) 27(2.2) 4(2.2) 11.83 0.001
 Neonatal resuscitation 615(11.4) 154(13.9) 21(13.1) 4.62 0.032
 Assisted ventilation 131(2.4) 44(4.0) 6(3.8) 7.70 0.006
  1. Data was presented as n(%). Linear trend Chi-square test for categorical data