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Table 4 Observed hand hygiene opportunities and hand hygiene actions in the household

From: Hygiene along the continuum of care in the early post-natal period: an observational study in Nigeria

  Hand hygiene opportunities
n
Hand hygiene actions
n (%)
Adequatea Inadequateb No Action
All observations
 Mothers 154 4 (3) 11 (7) 139 (90)
 Fathers 7 0 (0) 0 (0) 7 (100)
 Non-parental caregivers 298 1 (0.5) 1 (0.5) 296 (99)
Total 459 5 (1) 12 (3) 442 (96)
Cord contactc
 Mothers 16 2 (13) 1 (6) 13 (81)
 Fathers 0 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Non-parental caregivers 13 0 (0) 0 (0) 13 (100)
Total 29 2 (7) 1 (3) 26 (90)
Other newborn cared
 Mothers 138 2 (2) 10 (7) 126 (91)
 Fathers 7 0 (0) 0 (0) 7 (100)
 Non-parental caregivers 285 1 (0.5) 1 (0.5) 283 (99)
Total 430 3 (1) 11 (3) 416 (96)
  1. aAdequate hand hygiene action includes washing hands with soap and washing hands with soap and wearing clean gloves for aseptic procedures
  2. bInadequate hand hygiene action includes rinsing hands without using soap or wearing gloves for aseptic procedures without handwashing with soap prior to donning gloves
  3. cCord contact includes direct cord contact via cord cleaning or cord inspection
  4. dOther newborn care includes newborn handling outside cord care (changing newborn’s diapers, cleaning newborns bottom following defecation, picking up and putting newborn down, rubbing newborn’s body with body oils and powders, cleaning newborn’s eyes, changing newborn’s clothes, drying newborn with cloth, wiping newborn’s face)