Skip to main content

Table 1 Observed hand hygiene opportunities and actions within post-natal care ward

From: Hygiene along the continuum of care in the early post-natal period: an observational study in Nigeria

  Hand Hygiene Opportunities
n
Hand hygiene actions
n (%)
Adequatea Inadequateb No Action
All observations
 Mothers 61 2 (3) 11 (18) 48 (79)
 Fathers 37 0 (0) 0 (0) 37 (0)
 Healthcare workers 84 1 (1) 12 (14) 71 (84)
 Cleaners 6 0 (0) 0 (0) 6 (100)
 Visitors 103 0 (0) 0 (0) 103 (100)
Total 291 3 (1) 23 (8) 265 (91)
Maternal carec
 Mothers 16 0 (0) 3 (19) 13 (81)
 Fathers 0 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Healthcare workers 57 1 (2) 6 (10) 50 (88)
 Cleaners 1 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (100)
 Visitors 5 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (100)
Total 79 1 (1) 9 (12) 69 (87)
Newborn cared
 Mothers 45 2 (4) 8 (18) 35 (78)
 Fathers 37 0 (0) 0 (0) 37 (100)
 Healthcare workers 27 0 (0) 6 (22) 21 (78)
 Cleaners 5 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (100)
 Visitors 98 0 (0) 0 (0) 98 (100)
Total 212 2 (1) 14 (7) 196 (92)
  1. aAdequate hand hygiene action includes washing hands with soap and washing hands with soap and wearing clean gloves for aseptic procedures
  2. bInadequate hand hygiene action includes rinsing hands without using soap or wearing gloves for aseptic procedures without handwashing with soap prior to donning gloves
  3. cMaternal care includes contact by the healthcare workers, intramuscular injections, IV-related procedures, changing perineal pads, and emptying urine pan
  4. dNewborn care includes direct cord contact via cord cleaning or cord inspection and newborn handling (changing newborn’s diapers, cleaning newborns bottom following defecation, picking up and putting newborn down, rubbing newborn’s body with body oils and powders, cleaning newborn’s eyes, changing newborn’s clothes, drying newborn with cloth, wiping newborn’s face)