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Table 2 Obstetric complications and maternal deaths in Ethiopian hospitals in 2015

From: Association between maternal mortality and caesarean section in Ethiopia: a national cross-sectional study

Obstetric complications Women affected Causes of Maternal Deaths
Number Percent* Number Percent a
Direct (obstetric)     
Antepartum Haemorrhage (APH) 4,462 6.6 23 5.3
Postpartum Haemorrhage (PPH) 2,811 4.1 81 18.6
Retained placenta 2,201 3.2 4 0.9
Prolonged/obstructed labour 15,875 23.3 25 5.8
Ruptured uterus 1,516 2.2 41 9.4
Postpartum sepsis 1,460 2.2 17 3.9
Severe preeclampsia/eclampsia 7,912 11.6 121 27.8
Abortion complications 2,042 3.0 6 1.4
Ectopic pregnancy 1,801 2.7 0 0.0
Otherb 27,922 41.1 117 26.9
Total 68,002 100.0 435 100.0
Indirect (non-obstetric)     
Malaria 165 1.6 1 2.2
Anaemia 1,260 12.4 19 41.3
Hepatitis 100 1.0 4 8.7
HIV/AIDS 6,249 61.3 4 8,7
Other indirect causesc 2,419 23.7 18 39.1
Total 10,193 100.0 46 100.0
  1. aPercentages for columns were calculated for direct and indirect causes of death separately
  2. bOther direct causes include other obstetric complications such as complications of anaesthetic, thromboembolism, and other management related complications; and the underlying causes of direct obstetric complications including premature rupture of membrane and breech presentation, which necessitate hospitals admission and might finally end in direct obstetric complications such as sepsis and obstructed labour
  3. cThese include nonspecific potentially life-threatening indirect obstetric conditions, including heart disease