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Table 2 Obstetric outcomes among women born in Sweden with birth from gestation 32 + 0; 13,029 women registered at a maternity clinic randomized to Mindfetalness and 13,456 women registered at a maternity clinic randomized to routine care

From: A decrease in cesarean sections and labor inductions among Swedish women by awareness of fetal movements with the Mindfetalness method

Outcome Mindfetalness
n (%)
Routine care
n (%)
Rate Ratio
(95% CI)
p-value
Induction of labor 2500 (19.2) 2729 (20.3) 0.95 (0.90–0.99) 0.03
Cesarean section (total) 2394 (18.4) 2692 (20.0) 0.92 (0.87–0.97) < 0.001
 Pre-labor 1297 (10.0) 1470 (10.9) 0.91 (0.85–0.98) 0.01
 In labor 1097 (8.4) 1222 (9.1) 0.93 (0.86–1.00) 0.06
Spontaneous start of labor 9238 (70.9) 9263 (68.8) 1.03 (1.01–1.05) < 0.001
Preterm delivery (< 37 + 0) 483 (3.7) 479 (3.6) 1.04 (0.92–1.18) 0.53
Birth gestation > 41 + 6 687 (5.3) 804 (6.0) 0.88 (0.80–0.97) 0.01
Apgar Score < 7 at 5 mina,d 127 (1.0) 128 (1.0) 1.02 (0.80–1.31) 0.85
Apgar Score < 4 at 5 mina,d 48 (0.4) 39 (0.3) 1.27 (0.83–1.94) 0.28
Birthweight ≤10th centileb,e 1107 (8.5) 1253 (9.3) 0.91 (0.85–0.99) 0.02
Birthweight <2SDc,e 315 (2.4) 360 (2.7) 0.90 (0.78–1.05) 0.19
Admitted to NICU 832 (6.4) 914 (6.8) 0.94 (0.86–1.03) 0.19
Death within 27 days after birth 2 (0.0) 2 (0.0) 1.02 (0.14–7.26) 1.00
  1. aNumber of stillbirths: Mindfetalness n = 17 (0.1%); Routine care n = 14 (0.1%)
  2. bInternational definition of Small for Gestational Age (SGA) ≤10th centile for the gestational age
  3. cSwedish definition of Small for Gestational Age (SGA) <2SD from the national reference mean
  4. dMissing 46: Mindfetalness 20 (0.2%), Routine care 26 (0.2%)
  5. eMissing 23: Mindfetalness 11 (0.1%), Routine care 12 (0.1%)
  6. NICU Neonatal intensive care unit