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Table 1 Characteristics of women born in Sweden; 13,029 women registered at a maternity clinic randomized to Mindfetalness and 13,456 women registered at a maternity clinic randomized to routine care

From: A decrease in cesarean sections and labor inductions among Swedish women by awareness of fetal movements with the Mindfetalness method

  Mindfetalness
n (%)
Routine care
n (%)
Agea
 ≤ 24 832 (6.4) 694 (5.2)
 25–29 3429 (26.3) 3314 (24.6)
 30–34 5194 (39.9) 5331 (39.6)
 ≥ 35 3574 (27.4) 4117 (30.6)
Education levelb
 Shorter than 9 years 24 (0.2) 17 (0.1)
 Elementary school 333 (2.6) 241 (1.8)
 High school 3290 (25.3) 3112 (23.1)
 University 8784 (67.4) 9090 (67.6)
Parityc
 Primipara 5942 (45.6) 6305 (46.9)
 Multipara 7021 (53.9) 7105 (52.8)
Previous stillbirth 66 (0.5) 38 (0.3)
Tobacco user at registration at the maternity clinicc 500 (3.8) 390 (2.9)
Civic statusc
 Cohabiting with becoming father 12,211 (93.7) 12,458 (92.6)
 Single 141 (1.1) 208 (1.5)
 Other family situation 382 (2.9) 467 (3.5)
Body Mass Indexd
 < 18.5 351 (2.7) 286 (2.1)
 18.5–24.9 8289 (63.6) 8481 (63.0)
 25.0–29.9 2591 (19.9) 2874 (21.4)
 30.0–34.9 855 (6.6) 888 (6.6)
 ≥ 35.0 354 (2.7) 308 (2.3)
Assisted reproductionc 797 (6.1) 889 (6.6)
Maternal diseases
 Diabetes mellitus 17 (0.1) 16 (0.1)
 Coronary heart disease 209 (1.6) 229 (1.7)
 Thrombosis 110 (0.8) 125 (0.9)
 Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) 15 (0.1) 29 (0.2)
 Psychiatric care 2073 (15.9) 2208 (16.4)
 Endocrine disease 845 (6.5) 1007 (7.5)
 Epilepsy 62 (0.5) 75 (0.6)
 Chronic hypertension 51 (0.4) 79 (0.6)
 Other disease 1364 (10.5) 1408 (10.5)
 Medication or psychological treatment for mental illness 958 (7.4) 758 (5.6)
  1. aMean: 32.2 vs. 32.6 (SE 0.04 vs. 0.04), Median: 32.0 vs. 32.4, Range 15.752.0 vs. 16.452.1, Interquartile range 28.835.4 vs. 29.335.8
  2. bMissing: Mindfetalness n = 598 (4.6%); Routine care n = 996 (7.4%)
  3. cMissing: Mindfetalness n = 66 (0.5%); Routine care n = 46 (0.3%)
  4. dMissing: Mindfetalness n = 589 (4.5%); Routine care n = 619 (4.6%)