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Table 2 Frequency distribution of self-reported D&A behaviors toward women after performing multiple imputation (N = 439)

From: Self-reported disrespect and abuse by nurses and midwives during childbirth in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

  Enacted Not enacted
Total
N (%)
Always
n (%)
Often
n (%)
Sometimes
n (%)
Seldom
n (%)
Never
N (%)
Not draping women's legs when preforming vaginal examination 290 (66.0) 140 (31.9) 67 (15.4) 42 (9.6) 40 (9.1) 149 (34.0)
Not obtaining consent for performing episiotomy 203 (46.2) 16 (3.6) 44 (10.0) 58 (13.1) 85 (19.4) 236 (53.8)
Conducting deliveries even when many staff or students are present 189 (43.1) 37 (8.5) 37 (8.3) 32 (7.3) 83 (19.0) 250 (56.9)
Not telling the results of blood pressure reading 169 (38.6) 4 (0.9) 29 (6.6) 39 (8.9) 97 (22.2) 270 (61.4)
Blaming adolescent girls for being too young to get pregnant 164 (37.3) 14 (3.2) 17 (3.8) 47 (10.8) 86 (19.5) 275 (62.7)
Not using anesthesia for episiotomy or suturing the perineal tears 155 (35.4) 29 (6.6) 26 (5.9) 19 (4.4) 81 (18.5) 284 (64.6)
Scolding when women do not comply 122 (27.8) 7 (1.6) 6 (1.4) 38 (8.7) 71 (16.1) 317 (72.2)
Threatening when women do not comply 121 (27.6) 13 (3.0) 19 (4.4) 28 (6.4) 61 (13.8) 318 (72.4)
Not offering words of sympathy for women who suffer from labor pains 118 (27.0) 7 (1.6) 6 (1.4) 10 (2.3) 95 (21.7) 321 (73.0)
Preventing discharge until women completed payment 108 (24.5) 14 (3.2) 21 (4.7) 29 (6.6) 44 (10.1) 331 (75.5)
Asking women about their private information in public 104 (23.7) 58 (13.2) 22 (5.0) 6 (1.4) 18 (4.1) 335 (76.3)
Not obtaining consent for performing vaginal examination 102 (23.2) 2 (0.5) 9 (2.1) 17 (3.9) 74 (16.8) 337 (76.8)
Slapping women's legs to open during second stage of labor 92 (21.0) 5 (1.1) 4 (0.9) 31 (7.1) 52 (11.9) 347 (79.0)
Prohibiting eating or drinking even when labor progress is normal 76 (17.2) 11 (2.5) 7 (1.6) 20 (4.6) 37 (8.5) 363 (82.8)
Ignoring women yelling for help 68 (15.6) 9 (2.1) 7 (1.6) 18 (4.0) 35 (7.9) 371 (84.4)
Fail to arrive in time to conduct delivery 50 (11.4) 5 (1.1) 2 (0.5) 7 (1.5) 36 (8.2) 389 (88.6)
Not checking fetal heart rate until neonate is born 45 (10.3) 12 (2.7) 10 (2.3) 4 (0.9) 19 (4.4) 394 (89.7)
Using fragment of broken glass ampule or needles for AROMa 35 (7.9) 5 (1.1) 2 (0.4) 12 (2.8) 16 (3.6) 404 (92.1)
Charting false results to complete partograph 25 (5.7) 1 (0.2) 1 (0.2) 5 (1.1) 18 (4.1) 414 (94.3)
Pushing abdomen to rush delivery even when not an emergency 25 (5.7) 1 (0.2) 1 (0.2) 3 (0.7) 20 (4.6) 414 (94.3)
Refusing to take care of HIV-positive women 14 (3.2) 7 (1.6) 2 (0.5) 1 (0.2) 4 (0.9) 425 (96.8)
Asking for bribes for their own services 5 (1.1) 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (0.9) 434 (98.9)
  1. aAROM Artificial Rupture of Membranes