Skip to main content

Table 3 Intrapartum factors with impact on CEQ scores in subcategories

From: Does prolonged labor affect the birth experience and subsequent wish for cesarean section among first-time mothers? A quantitative and qualitative analysis of a survey from Norway

  Own capacity Professional support Perceived safety Participation
All participants Mean (SD)
2.66 (0.53)
Median (Quart)
4.00 (3.60,4.00)
Mean (SD)
3.30 (0.59)
Mean (SD)
3.36 (0.68)
Labor start
 Induced labor start (n = 113) 2.51 (0.54) 4.00 (3.60,4.00) 3.22 (0.60) 3.23 (0.66)
 Spontaneous start of labor (n = 346) 2.70 (0.52) 4.00 (3.60,4.00) 3.33 (0.58) 3.40 (0.68)
p-value 0.001 ns 0.108 0.024
a Adjusted p-value 0.039   0.696 0.050
Labor duration
 Labor duration > 12 h (n = 85) 2.51 (0.55) 4.0 (3.60,4.00) 3.12 (0.65) 3.46 (0.56)
 Labor duration < 12 h (n = 373) 2.69 (0.53) 4.0 (3.60,4.00) 3.34 (0.56) 3.33 (0.70)
p-value 0.004 ns 0.001 0.125
a Adjusted p-value 0.040   0.023 0.068
Mode of delivery
 Cesarean section (n = 49) 2.30 (0.48) 3.80 (3.40,4.00) 2.96 (0.66) 3.30 (0.59)
 Vaginal delivery (n = 410) 2.70 (0.52) 4.0 (3.60,4.00) 3.34 (0.56) 3.37 (0.69)
p-value < 0.001 ns < 0.001 0.541
a Adjusted p-value 0.001   0.007 0.707
Operative vaginal delivery (n = 114) 2.54 (0.48) 4.0 (3.45,4.00) 3.14 (0.61) 3.25 (0.74)
Spont. vaginal delivery(n = 296) 2.76 (0.53) 4.0 (3.60,4.00) 3.42 (0.53) 3.41 (0.66)
p-value < 0.001 ns < 0.001 0.042
b Adjusted p-value 0.001   < 0.001 0.047
Postpartum hemorrhage
  ≥ 500 ml (n = 109) 2.52 (0.51) 3.80 (3.40,4.00) 3.09 (0.63) 3.24 (0.71)
  < 500 ml (n = 350) 2.70 (0.53) 4.00 (3.60,4.00) 3.37 (0.56) 3.40 (0.66)
p-value 0.002 ns < 0.001 0.031
*Adjusted p -value 0.118   0.007 0.031
  1. a Linear regression adjusted for all other values in the table. Vaginal delivery includes both operative and spontaneous
  2. b Cesarean section excluded, linear regression adjusted for induction, labor > 12 h, Bleeding ≥500 ml