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Table 1 Summary characteristics of studies included in the meta-analysis of the prevalence of mother to child transmission of HIV in India. (where WI: Western region, SI: Southren region and EI: Eastern region in India)

From: Mother-to-child HIV transmission and its correlates in India: systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Study area States Zone Study design Study Period Sample Size Time of infant diagnosis Rate of MTCT of HIV
Ahir et al., 2013 [26] Department of Microbiology, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Mumbai Maharastra WI Retrospective cohort study January 2010 to December 2011 58 48 hours to 24 months 7.143
Bhargav et al., 2012 [27] Government Hospital Belgaum district Karnataka SI Retrospective cohort study January 2009 to December 2011 150 2 months to 34 months 8.667
Gupta et al., 2007 [28] Byramjee JeeJeebhoy Medical College, Pune Maharastra WI Retrospective cohort study August 16, 2002 to July 8, 2004 41 48 hours to 2 months 9.756
Jhoshi et al., 2010 [29] Ten (selected) districts in Gujarat Gujarat WI Retrospective cohort study January 2005 to December 2008 305 up to 18 months 3.571
Chaudhuri et al., 2010 [30] NRS Medical College and hospital, Kolkata West Bengal EI Retrospective cohort study January 2004 to December 2007 86 72 hours to 18 months 3.488
Parameshwari et al., 2009 [31] Department of Experimental Medicine, Dr. MGR Medical University Tamilnadu SI Retrospective cohort study October 2002 to December 2007 56 48 hours to 6 months 14.286
Phadke et al., 2003 [32] Byramjee JeeJeebhoy Medical College, Pune Maharastra WI Retrospective cohort study March 2000 to November 2001 149 48 hours to 2 months 8.78
Pai et al., 2008 [33] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram Maharastra WI Prospective cohort study January 2006 to September 2006 219 48 hours to 4 months 13.33
Mandal et al., 2010 [34] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, North Bengal Medical College West Bengal EI Prospective cohort study January 2004 to December 2008 111 up to 18 months 29.412
Mukherjee, 2010 [35] Three districts in Tamilnadu Tamilnadu SI Prospective cohort study January 2001 to December 2005 362 up to 1 month 5.292