Skip to main content

Table 3 Characteristics of Participants

From: Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the childbirth experience questionnaire

Variables n (%)
Education Level
 Primary Education 11 (3.5%)
 Secondary Education 66 (21.4%)
 Tertiary Education 231 (75%)
Race
 Asian 8 (25.9%)
 Caucasian 212 (68%)
 Indigenous 2 (6.4%)
 Do not wish to declare 7 (2.2%)
 Mixed/Black 79 (25.6%)
Marital status
 Cohabiting 297 (96.4%)
 Not cohabiting 11 (3.5%)
Number of children
 1 220 (71.4%)
 2 67 (21.7%)
 3 12 (3.8%)
 4 7 (2.2%)
Local Birth
 Hospital Birth 285 (92.5%)
 Home Birth 23 (7.4%)
Financial Assistance for Childbirth
 Public Health Service 131 (42.5%)
 Health Insurance 109 (6.1%)
 Private 68 (22%)
Childbirth attendants (multiple options were allowed)
 Obstetrician 241 (78.2%)
 Obstetric nurse 193 (62.6%)
 Doula 88 (28.6%)
 Midwife 16 (5.2%)
Onset of Labor
 Spontaneous 277 (89.9%)
 Induced 31 (10%)
Type of delivery
 Spontaneous vaginal 296 (96.1%)
 Instrumental (Forceps or Vacuum Extractor) 12 (3.9%)
Nonpharmacological methods 187 (39.3%)
Analgesia during childbirth
 Epidural block 31 (10.1%)
 Spinal anesthesia 20 (6.5%)
 Block of pudendal nerve 1 (0.3%)
 Participant did not know what to answer 18 (5.8%)