Skip to main content

Table 4 Associations between exposure to household pesticides during pregnancy with episodes of infections in early life

From: The effect of non-organophosphate household pesticides exposure during pregnancy on infants birth sizes and growth rate: a cohort study

  Use of household pesticides during pregnancy  
Episodes of infections in early life Non-exposed (n = 151) Exposed (n = 133) p-value
Fever, n (%) 77 (50.9) 66 (49.6) 0.97
Respiratory symptoms, n (%) 125 (86.8) 108 (87.8) 0.81
Gastrointestinal symptoms, n (%) 61 (42.1) 59 (47.6) 0.37
Skin problems, n (%) 31 (21.2) 40 (32.5) 0.04b
Eye problems, n (%) 8 (5.9) 5 (4.1) 0.59
  1. Note: b further analysis on the exposed to pesticides group categories (mosquito only, non-mosquito, combined groups) adjusted for SES, mother’s age at pregnancy, breastfed for 6 months, house hold SHS exposure, water sources, fuel sources, garbage burning, and usage of open vehicle