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Table 2 Association between exposure to household pesticides during pregnancy with birth anthropometrics

From: The effect of non-organophosphate household pesticides exposure during pregnancy on infants birth sizes and growth rate: a cohort study

Exposure Model Linear regression coefficients (95% confidence interval)
Birth weight (g) Birth length (mm) Head circumference (mm)
Non-Exposed (n = 151)   Reference Reference Reference
Exposed to Household pesticides (n = 133) Crude − 121.4 (− 227.6; −15.2)* −4.0 (−9.3;1.4) −6.4 (−12.1;-0.7)*
Model 1 −112.3 (−219.6;-5.1)* −3.7 (−9.1;1.8) − 6.6 (− 12.3:-0.8)*
Model 2 −106.3 (−215.8; 3.2) −3.7 (− 9.3;1.9) −7.1 (− 13.1;-1.2)*
Exposed to mosquito insecticides only (n = 87) Crude − 134.1 (− 255.7;-12.5)* −5.3 (− 11.4;0.7) −4.0 (− 10.4;2.4)
Model 1 − 130.2 (− 253.1;-7.2)* −5.2 (− 11.3;0.9) − 4.3 (− 10.9;2.0)
Model 2 −123.5 (−248.8;1.7) − 4.8 (− 11.1;1.1) −4.7 (− 11.3;2.0)
Exposed to pesticides other than mosquito insecticides (n = 15) Crude −82.1 (− 332.9;168.7) −6.5(− 19.1;6.0) −22.2 (− 36.5;-7.8)*
Model 1 − 57.7 (− 308.4;193.0) −5.3 (− 17.9;7.3) − 21.8 (− 36.3;-7.4)*
Model 2 − 57.9 (− 309.1;193.3) −5.7 (− 18.4;7.0) −22.1 (− 36.5;-7.6) *
Exposed to both mosquito insecticides and other pesticides (n = 31) Crude − 72.1 (− 246.9;102.7) 2.4 (6.3;11.1) − 5.7 (− 14.9;3.5)
Model 1 −71.4 (− 247.8;105.5) 2.1 (6.7;10.9) −6.6 (− 15.9;2.8)
Model 2 −59.8 (− 241.4; 103.2) 1.7 (7.5;10.1) − 6.7 (− 16.2;3.0)
  1. Model 1: adjusted for SES, mother’s age at pregnancy
  2. Model 2: adjusted for SES, mother’s age at pregnancy, household SHS exposure, water sources, fuel sources, garbage burning, and use of open vehicle
  3. *: p < 0.05