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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the participants (n = 466)

From: Association of smoking behavior among Chinese expectant fathers and smoking abstinence after their partner becomes pregnant: a cross-sectional study

  n (%)
Age (range: 20–62), mean (SD) 32.5(5.3)
Employment status
 Employed 388(83.3)
 Unemployed/Self-employment 78(16.7)
Education level
 Middle school or less 145(31.1)
 College/university or above 321(68.9)
Annual Family income (CNY) a
 ¥ 49,999 or below 82(17.6)
 ¥ 50,000–99,999 119(25.5)
 ¥ 100,000-199,999 186(39.9)
 ¥ 200,000or above 79(17.0)
Monthly regular alcohol use
 Yes 333(71.5)
 No 133(28.5)
Regular activity at least 1 h/week
 Yes 312(67.0)
 No 154(33.0)
Physical health status (SF-12-PCS), mean (SD) 53.2(3.9)
Mental health status (SF-12-MCS), mean (SD) 52.4(6.1)
Stressful event within 30 days
 Yes 209(44.8)
 No /Not sure 257(55.2)
First-time expectant father
 Yes 274(58.8)
 No 192(41.2)
Living with other smokers
 Yes 120(25.8)
 No 346(74.2)
Wife is smoker
 Yes 48(10.3)
 No 418(89.7)
Family support function level, by family APAGR
 Satisfactory support from family (8–10) 329(70.6)
 Moderate dysfunctionality family support (4–7) 116(24.9)
 Severe dysfunctionality family support (0–3) 21(4.5)
Prenatal education attendance
 Yes 249(53.4)
 No 217(46.6)
Smoking cessation advice received
 Yes 252(54.1)
 No 214(45.9)
  1. Data are n(%) and mean (SD) unless stated otherwise. SF-12 = 12-Item Short-Form Survey. PCS Physical Health Status, MCS Mental Health Status
  2. a ¥/CNY represents China Yuan, US$1.00 = ¥ 6.7