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Table 2 Access to services and social support

From: Rural-urban differences in the mental health of perinatal women: a UK-based cross-sectional study

Variable Missing (n) Urban (N = 165), n (%) Rural (N = 130), n (%) Overall (N = 295), n (%) Differences between groups
Access to:
 GP 0 161 (97.6%) 128 (98.5%) 289 (98.0%) X2 (1)=0.3, p = .593
 Hospital 3 150 (92.0%) 113 (87.6%) 263 (90.1%) X2 (1)=1.6, p = .209
 Children’s Centre 2 130 (79.3%) 102 (79.1%) 232 (79.2%) X2 (1)=0.0, p = .967
 Health visitor 1 142 (86.1%) 116 (89.9%) 258 (87.8%) X2 (1)=1.0, p = .316
Looked for support or information about feelings of anxiety and/or depression 0 38 (23.0%) 25 (19.2%) 63 (21.4%) X2 (1)=0.6, p = .429
Sources of support/information about anxiety and/or depression (n = 63):
 Partner   28 17 45 X2 (1)=0.4, p = .506
 Family   20 11 31 X2 (1)=0.6, p = .437
 Websites   15 16 31 X2 (1)=3.3, p = .070
 GP 1 20 9 29 X2 (1)=2.0, p = .162
 Midwife   18 7 25 X2 (1)=2.6, p = .104
 Friends   15 8 23 X2 (1)=0.5, p = .495
 Health visitor   13 6 19 X2 (1)=0.9, p = .351
 Mobile phone apps   3 3 6
 Books or magazines   3 3 6
 Other professional(s)   4 1 5
 Other   0 0 0
   Med (IQR) Med (IQR) Med (IQR)  
Perceived social support – MSPSS:
 Subscale Significant Other 0 28 (3) 28 (4) 28 (3) Z = 0.1, p = .930
 Subscale Family 1 27 (4) 26 (4) 26 (4) Z = 0.8, p = .430
 Subscale Friends 0 24 (5) 25 (7) 25 (6) Z = 0.9, p = .383
 Total 1 78 (12) 77 (12) 78 (12) Z = 0.9, p = .355
  1. X2 – Based on the Chi-squared test; Z – Based on the Mann-Whitney test
  2. Some difference tests were not performed due to the small number of observations
  3. Sources of support/information: multiple responses allowed; from 63 participants who reported having sought support, so percentages are not presented to avoid confusion with full sample percentages
  4. MSPSS Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Subscale scores can range from 4 to 28; total scale scores can range from 12 to 84. Higher scores reflect stronger social support