Skip to main content

Table 5 ATEs for MCS scores across different indicators of social capital

From: Impact of individual and neighborhood social capital on the physical and mental health of pregnant women: the Japan Environment and Children’s Study (JECS)

Individual social capital   COEF SE 95% CI p
A: Is there someone available to you who shows you love and affection?
 Weighted average None of the time 48.73 0.12 48.50 48.97 < 0.001a
 Weighted average A little of the time 47.28 0.09 47.10 47.46 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Some of the time 48.65 0.04 48.57 48.73 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Most of the time 48.80 0.07 48.66 48.95 < 0.001a
 Weighted average All of the time 49.75 0.03 49.69 49.81 < 0.001a
 ATE A little of the time vs. none of the time −1.45 0.15 −1.75 −1.16 < 0.001a
 ATE Some of the time vs. none of the time −0.08 0.13 −0.33 0.17 0.542
 ATE Most of the time vs. none of the time 0.07 0.14 −0.20 0.35 0.607
 ATE All of the time vs. none of the time 1.02 0.12 0.78 1.26 < 0.001a
B: Is there someone whom you can count on for emotional support (discuss problems or help you make a difficult decision)?
 Weighted average None of the time 48.15 0.17 47.82 48.48 < 0.001a
 Weighted average A little of the time 46.87 0.09 46.69 47.06 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Some of the time 48.42 0.05 48.33 48.52 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Most of the time 48.60 0.06 48.47 48.72 < 0.001a
 Weighted average All of the time 49.78 0.03 49.72 49.83 < 0.001a
 ATE A little of the time vs. none of the time −1.28 0.19 −1.65 −0.90 < 0.001a
 ATE Some of the time vs. none of the time 0.27 0.18 −0.07 0.62 0.120
 ATE Most of the time vs. none of the time 0.45 0.18 0.09 0.80 0.014b
 ATE All of the time vs. none of the time 1.63 0.17 1.29 1.96 < 0.001a
C: How often do you have a desired level of contact with someone whom you feel close to, trust, and can confide in?
 Weighted average None of the time 46.26 0.27 45.74 46.78 < 0.001a
 Weighted average A little of the time 47.98 0.06 47.86 48.11 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Some of the time 48.96 0.03 48.89 49.02 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Most of the time 49.40 0.05 49.30 49.49 < 0.001a
 Weighted average All of the time 49.86 0.04 49.78 49.94 < 0.001a
 ATE A little of the time vs. none of the time 1.72 0.27 1.18 2.26 < 0.001a
 ATE Some of the time vs. none of the time 2.69 0.27 2.17 3.22 < 0.001a
 ATE Most of the time vs. none of the time 3.13 0.27 2.61 3.66 < 0.001a
 ATE All of the time vs. none of the time 3.60 0.27 3.07 4.12 < 0.001a
D: Number of friends or neighbors with whom you can casually share your concerns
 Weighted average None 45.32 0.32 44.70 45.94 < 0.001a
 Weighted average One or two 48.39 0.04 48.32 48.46 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Three or more 49.67 0.03 49.62 49.73 < 0.001a
 ATE One or two vs. none 3.07 0.32 2.44 3.69 < 0.001a
 ATE Three or more vs. none 4.35 0.32 3.73 4.98 < 0.001a
Neighborhood social capital     
E: Neighbors trust each other.
 Weighted average Disagree 48.33 0.06 48.22 48.44 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Somewhat disagree 48.84 0.04 48.75 48.92 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Somewhat agree 49.45 0.03 49.39 49.52 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Agree 49.92 0.08 49.76 50.08 < 0.001a
 ATE Somewhat disagree vs. disagree 0.51 0.07 0.37 0.64 < 0.001a
 ATE Somewhat agree vs. disagree 1.12 0.06 1.00 1.25 < 0.001a
 ATE Agree vs. disagree 1.59 0.10 1.40 1.79 < 0.001a
F: Neighbors help each other.
 Weighted average Disagree 48.41 0.06 48.29 48.52 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Somewhat disagree 48.84 0.04 48.75 48.92 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Somewhat agree 49.39 0.03 49.33 49.45 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Agree 49.82 0.08 49.67 49.96 < 0.001a
 ATE Somewhat disagree vs. disagree 0.43 0.07 0.29 0.57 < 0.001a
 ATE Somewhat agree vs. disagree 0.99 0.06 0.86 1.11 < 0.001a
 ATE Agree vs. disagree 1.41 0.09 1.22 1.59 < 0.001a
  1. ATE average treatment effect, MCS Mental Component Summary
  2. ap < 0.01, bp < 0.05