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Table 4 ATEs for PCS scores across different indicators of social capital

From: Impact of individual and neighborhood social capital on the physical and mental health of pregnant women: the Japan Environment and Children’s Study (JECS)

Individual social capital   COEF SE 95% CI p
A: Is there someone available to you who shows you love and affection?
 Weighted average None of the time 46.10 0.11 45.87 46.32 < 0.001a
 Weighted average A little of the time 45.39 0.09 45.22 45.57 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Some of the time 45.55 0.04 45.47 45.63 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Most of the time 45.49 0.07 45.35 45.64 < 0.001a
 Weighted average All of the time 45.70 0.03 45.64 45.76 < 0.001a
 ATE A little of the time vs. none of the time −0.71 0.14 −0.99 −0.42 < 0.001a
 ATE Some of the time vs. none of the time −0.55 0.12 −0.79 −0.31 < 0.001a
 ATE Most of the time vs. none of the time −0.61 0.14 −0.87 −0.34 < 0.001a
 ATE All of the time vs. none of the time −0.40 0.12 −0.63 − 0.17 0.001a
B: Is there someone whom you can count on for emotional support (discuss problems or help you make a difficult decision)?
 Weighted average None of the time 45.66 0.16 45.35 45.97 < 0.001a
 Weighted average A little of the time 45.45 0.09 45.28 45.62 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Some of the time 45.46 0.05 45.37 45.56 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Most of the time 45.37 0.07 45.24 45.50 < 0.001a
 Weighted average All of the time 45.75 0.03 45.70 45.81 < 0.001a
 ATE A little of the time vs. none of the time −0.21 0.18 −0.57 0.14 0.238
 ATE Some of the time vs. none of the time −0.20 0.17 −0.52 0.13 0.231
 ATE Most of the time vs. none of the time −0.29 0.17 −0.63 0.04 0.089
 ATE All of the time vs. none of the time 0.09 0.16 −0.22 0.41 0.572
C: How often do you have a desired level of contact with someone whom you feel close to, trust, and can confide in?
 Weighted average None of the time 45.45 0.25 44.97 45.94 < 0.001a
 Weighted average A little of the time 45.62 0.06 45.50 45.74 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Some of the time 45.53 0.03 45.46 45.60 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Most of the time 45.69 0.05 45.60 45.79 < 0.001a
 Weighted average All of the time 45.76 0.04 45.67 45.84 < 0.001a
 ATE A little of the time vs. none of the time 0.17 0.25 −0.33 0.67 0.509
 ATE Some of the time vs. none of the time 0.08 0.25 −0.41 0.57 0.753
 ATE Most of the time vs. none of the time 0.24 0.25 −0.25 0.73 0.340
 ATE All of the time vs. none of the time 0.30 0.25 −0.19 0.79 0.226
D: Number of friends or neighbors with whom you can casually share your concerns
 Weighted average None 44.94 0.32 44.32 45.56 < 0.001a
 Weighted average One or two 45.54 0.04 45.47 45.61 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Three or more 45.70 0.03 45.65 45.76 < 0.001a
 ATE One or two vs. none 0.60 0.32 −0.02 1.23 0.060
 ATE Three or more vs. none 0.77 0.32 0.14 1.39 0.016b
Neighborhood social capital     
E: Neighbors trust each other
 Weighted average Disagree 45.32 0.05 45.21 45.42 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Somewhat disagree 45.45 0.04 45.36 45.53 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Somewhat agree 45.81 0.03 45.75 45.88 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Agree 46.22 0.08 46.06 46.38 < 0.001a
 ATE Somewhat disagree vs. disagree 0.13 0.07 −0.01 0.27 0.065
 ATE Somewhat agree vs. disagree 0.50 0.06 0.37 0.62 < 0.001a
 ATE Agree vs. disagree 0.90 0.10 0.71 1.10 < 0.001a
F: Neighbors help each other.
 Weighted average Disagree 45.33 0.06 45.22 45.44 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Somewhat disagree 45.45 0.04 45.36 45.54 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Somewhat agree 45.82 0.03 45.75 45.88 < 0.001a
 Weighted average Agree 46.04 0.08 45.89 46.20 < 0.001a
 ATE Somewhat disagree vs. disagree 0.12 0.07 −0.02 0.26 0.094
 ATE Somewhat agree vs. disagree 0.48 0.06 0.36 0.61 < 0.001a
 ATE Agree vs. disagree 0.71 0.10 0.52 0.90 < 0.001a
  1. ATE average treatment effect, PCS Physical Component Summary
  2. ap < 0.01, bp < 0.05