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Table 5 Effect of the three delays considering combined outcome (near-miss and neonatal deaths). Fortaleza CE, 2017

From: Delays in obstetric care increase the risk of neonatal near-miss morbidity events and death: a case-control study

Delay type Control (%) NNM + Death (%) P
1. DELAY IN DECIDING TO SEEK APPROPRIATE MEDICAL HELP (FAMILY/PATIENT)
Delay seeking care      0.355*
  Yes 50 (17.6) 20 (14.1)  
  No 234 (82.4) 122 (85.9)  
Unaware of pregnancy      > 0.999 *
  Yes 10 (3.5) 5 (3.5)  
  No 274 (96.5) 137 (96.7)  
Refusal of care      0.216*
  Yes 33 (11.6) 22 (12.9)  
  No 251 (88.4) 120 (87.1)  
2. DELAY IN REACHING APPROPRIATE HEALTH SERVICE
Absent/inadequate prenatal care      0.003*
  Yes 90 (31.7) 66 (46.5)  
  No 194 (68.3) 76 (53.5)  
Lacking specialized care      < 0.001*
  Yes 43 (15.1) 50 (35.2)  
  No 241 (84.9) 69 (64.8)  
Lacking beds      0.027*
  Yes 27 (9.5) 5 (3.5)  
  No 257 (90.5) 137 (96.5)  
3. DELAY IN RECEIVING CARE AT THE HEALTH UNIT
Delay in diagnosis      0.477**
  Yes 2 (0.7) 2 (1.4)  
  No 282 (99.3) 140 (98.6)  
Delay in case transfer/referral      0.265*
  Yes 8 (2.8) 7 (4.9)  
 No 276 (97.2) 135 (95.1)  
Improper conduct with patient      0.006**
  Yes 1 (0.4) 6 (4.2)  
  No 283 (99.6) 136 (95.8)  
Delay in initiating treatment      0.489**
  Yes 5 (1.8) 4 (1.9)  
  No 279 (98.2) 106 (98.1)  
  1. *Pearson’s chi-square test; **Fisher’s exact test