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Table 2 Characteristics of prenatal care and pregnancy outcomes in controls, NNM cases, and deaths. Fortaleza CE, 2017

From: Delays in obstetric care increase the risk of neonatal near-miss morbidity events and death: a case-control study

Variable Control
n (%)
NNM
n (%)
Deaths
n (%)
P
No. of prenatal consultations        0.001*
 < 6 110 (38.7) 55 (50.9) 22 (64.7)  
 ≥6 170 (59.9) 50 (46.3) 10 (29.4)  
 No information 4 (1.4) 3 (2.8) 2 (5.9)  
Prenatal service        0.037*
 Primary healthcare 212 (74.6) 70 (64.8) 21 (61.8)  
 Specialized care required (high-risk) 60 (21.1) 33 (30.6) 9 (26.5)  
 Private clinic 3 (1.1) 2 (1.9) 1 (3.2)  
 No information 9 (3.2) 3 (2.8) 3 (8.8)  
Orientation on place of delivery        0.912*
 Yes 186 (65.5) 72 (66.7) 21 (61.8)  
 No 94 (33.6) 33 (31.4) 11 (34.4)  
 No information 4 (1.4) 3 (2.8) 2 (5.9)  
Number of maternity hospitals visited        0.170*
 ≥3 12 (4.2) 2 (1.8) 1 (2.9)  
 2 82 (28.9) 45 (41.7) 12 (35.3)  
 1 187 (65.8) 61 (56.5) 21 (61.8)  
 No information 3 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
If transferred        < 0.001*
 Regulated 21 (7.4) 18 (16.7) 8 (23.5)  
 Referred 45 (15.8) 38 (35.2) 7 (20.6)  
 Own discretion 215 (75.7) 51 (47.2) 19 (55.9)  
 No information 3 (1.1) 1 (0.9) 0 (0.0)  
Type of delivery        < 0.001**
 Cesarean section 160 (56.3) 86 (79.6) 22 (64.7)  
 Forceps 2 (0.7) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Vaginal 122 (43) 22 (20.4) 12 (35.3)  
  1. *Pearson’s chi-square test; **Fisher’s exact test