Skip to main content

Table 4 For ‘preterm’ infants, admission to neonatal unit, care in the neonatal unit and outcome at discharge

From: Identifying women giving birth preterm and care at the time of birth: a prospective audit of births at six hospitals in India, Kenya, Pakistan and Uganda

  CMC
(n = 46)a
Mulago
(n = 93)
Mbale
(n = 37)
Kenyatta
(n = 57)
FBH/LNH
(n = 24)a
Total
(n = 257)a
Level of neonatal care after birth
 Postnatal ward 1 (2%) 2 (2%) 7 (19%) 1 (2%) 2 (8%) 13 (5%)
 Neonatal unit, Level 1 30 (81%) 7 (29%) 37 (14%)
 Neonatal unit, Level 2 30 (65%) 91 (98%) 55 (96%) 176 (68%)
 Neonatal unit, Level 3 14 (30%) -b -b 1 (2%) 14 (58%) 29 (11%)
Temperature on admission (°C)
 Mean [SD] 36.1 [0.7] 34.7 [0.8] 35.6 [0.9] 35.5 [0.8] 37 [0.2] 35.5 [1.0]
 < 34.5 27 (29%) 6 (16%) 3 (5%) 36 (14%)
 34.5–35.4 8 (17%) 52 (56%) 7 (19%) 26 (46%) 93 (36%)
 35.5–36.4 21 (46%) 14 (15%) 18 (49%) 19 (33%) 1 (4%) 73 (28%)
 36.5–37.4 14 (30%) 5 (14%) 6 (11%) 20 (83%) 45 (18%)
 ≥ 37.5 1 (2%) 2 (4%) 3 (1%)
 Not known 2 (4%) 1 (3%) 1 (2%) 3 (13%) 7 (3%)
Respiratory support
 Any respiratory support 5 89 8 52 5 159
Type of support and duration (days)
  Oxygen 1 71 4 46 122
  Median {25, 75} 1 {1, 1} 2 {1, 3} 3 {3, 3.5} 4 {3, 6} 3 {2, 4}
  CPAP 4 46 1 2 53
  Median {25, 75} 4 {2.5, 5} 2 {1.5, 4} 2 {2,2} 3 {3, 3} 2 {2, 4}
Ventilation 1 1 3 5 5 15
  Median {25, 75} 2 {2, 2} 1 {1, 1} 4 {3, 7} 3 {3, 5} 1 {1, 3} 3 {1, 5}
Cranial ultrasound 13 2 15
 IVH 5 1 6
Duration of stay in neonatal care (days)*
 Median {25, 75} 8.5 {5, 25.5} 4 {2, 7} 1 {1, 4} 5 {2.5, 22} 3 {1, 6} 4.5 {2, 8}
 Min, max 1, 66 < 1, 47 < 1, 19 < 1, 102 < 1, 16 < 1, 102
 < 1 4 (4%) 5 (14%) 6 (11%) 3 (13%) 18 (7%)
 1–2 3 (7%) 20 (22%) 16 (43%) 8 (14%) 7 (29%) 54 (21%)
 3–6 12 (26%) 42 (45%) 9 (24%) 17 (30%) 7 (29%) 87 (34%)
 7–14 12 (26%) 24 (26%) 5 (14%) 5 (9%) 3 (13%) 49 (19%)
 ≥ 15 17 (37%) 3 (3%) 1 (3%) 20 (35%) 1 (4%) 42 (16%)
After leaving neonatal care, discharged
 Home 36 (78%) 85 (91%) 29 (78%) 54 (95%) 12 (50%) 216 (84%)
 To another ward in the hospital 8 (17%) 8 (9%) 7 (19%) 2 (4%) 9 (38%) 34 (13%)
 Not known 2 (4%) 1 (3%) 1 (2%) 3 (13%) 7 (3%)
Outcome at discharge from hospital
 Early neonatal death (0–6 days) 1 12 3 27 4 47
 Late neonatal death (7–27 days) 4 1 5 1 11
 Post neonatal death (> 27 days) 1 1
  1. All data are N (%) unless otherwise stated
  2. aOne women at CMC and one women at FBH/LNH were transferred to different hospitals, resulting in missing outcome data
  3. bLevel 3 neonatal care is not provided in Uganda