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Table 3 Mode of birth and timing of cord clamping for ‘term’ and ‘preterm’ births

From: Identifying women giving birth preterm and care at the time of birth: a prospective audit of births at six hospitals in India, Kenya, Pakistan and Uganda

  CMC
(n = 703)
Mulago
(n = 993)
Mbale
(n = 787)
Kenyatta
(n = 1018)
FBH/LNH
(n = 280)
Total
(n = 3781)
‘Term’ 657 900 750 961 256 3524
 Caesarean section 202 (31%) 312 (35%) 165 (22%) 423 (44%) 155 (61%) 1257 (36%)
 Vaginal 455 (69%) 588 (65%) 585 (78%) 538 (56%) 101 (39%) 2267 (64%)
Time of cord clamping (seconds)
 Median {25, 75} 7 {5, 11} 49.5 {11, 87.5} 75.5 {37, 109} 23 {9, 49} 12 {8.5, 17} 22 {8, 69}
Caesarean section: Median {25, 75} 5 {4, 6} 8 {5, 12} 15 {11, 24} 9 {6, 14} 10 {8, 15} 8 {5, 14}
Vaginal: Median {25, 75} 8 {6, 12} 76.5 {50, 109.5} 87 {62, 120} 43.5 {25, 62} 15 {11, 20} 52 {17, 88}
‘Preterm’ 46 93 37 57 24 257
 Caesarean section 37 (80%) 35 (38%) 7 (19%) 32 (56%) 16 (67%) 127 (49%)
 Vaginal 9 (20%) 58 (62%) 30 (81%) 25 (44%) 8 (33%) 130 (51%)
Time of cord clamping (seconds)
 Median {25, 75} 5 {4, 7} 28 {7, 59} 75 {47, 109} 12 {8, 42} 10.5 {7, 15.5} 16 {6, 52}
Caesarean section: Median {25, 75} 4 {4, 6} 6 {5, 9} 19 {13, 30} 10 {6, 11} 9.5 {6.5, 14} 7 {4, 11}
Vaginal: Median {25, 75} 7 {6, 9} 50 {29, 70} 83 {61, 129} 46 {27, 69} 14 {8, 36.5} 51 {27, 79}
  1. All data are N (%) unless otherwise stated