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Table 5 Correlates of primary postpartum hemorrhage

From: Prevalence, related factors and maternal outcomes of primary postpartum haemorrhage in governmental hospitals in Kabul-Afghanistan

Correlates of primary PPH variables Frequency
N (%)
Uterine atony 141 (65.6)
Previous PPH 75 (34.9)
Prolonged labor 58 (27)
Genital tract trauma 57 (26.5)
Induction of labor 44 (20.5)
Precipitate labor 39 (18.1)
Placenta retention 36 (16.7)
Anemia 33 (15.3)
Multi parity 23 (10.7)
Hypertensive disorder 12 (5.6)
Premature rupture of membrane (PROM) 11(5.1)
Uterine rupture 9 (4.2)
Chorioamnionitis 8 (3.7)
Multiple pregnancies 7(3.3)
Hematoma 7 (3.3)
Abruption 6 (2.8)
Diabetes mellitus 2 (0.9)
Poly hydroaminus 2(0.9)
Magnesium sulfate 2 (0.9)
Unidentified correlate 2 (0.9)
Shoulder dystocia 1 (0.5)