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Table 5 Neonatal morbidity and mortality

From: Impact of implementation of a breech clinic in a tertiary hospital

  Before (n = 162) After (n = 115) OR 95% CI
n (%) n (%)
Five-minute Apgar score < 4* 2 (1.2%) 1 (0.9%) 0.7 0.1–7.8
Five-minute Apgar score < 7 5 (3.1%) 4 (3.5%) 1.1 0.3–4.3
Arterial cord blood pH < 7 1 (0.6%) 5 (4.4%) 7.3 0.8–63.5
Arterial cord blood base deficit ≥ 12 mEq/L 2 (1.2%) 6 (5.2%) 4.4 0.9–22.2
Arterial cord blood base deficit ≥ 15 mEq/L* 0 0 / /
NICU admission 14 (8.6%) 8 (6.9%) 0.8 0.3–1.9
> 4 days* 2 (1.2%) 2 (1.7%) 1.41 0.2–10.2
Parenteral or exclusive tubal feeding 4 (2.5%) 5 (4.4%) 1.8 0.5–6.8
> 4 days* 1 (0.6%) 0 / /
Birth trauma (severe hematoma)* 0 1 (0.9%) / /
Intubation or ventilation 9 (5.6%) 6 (5.2%) 0.9 0.3–2.7
> 24 h* 1 (0.6%) 2 (1.7%) 2.9 0.3–31.8
> 4 days 0 0 / /
Seizures* 0 0 / /
Neonatal death* 0 0 / /
IVH grade I* 1 (0.6%) 0 / /
Composite neonatal outcome 5 (3.1%) 4 (3.5%) 1.1 0.3–4.3
  1. OR Odds ratio; CI Confidence interval; NICU Neonatal intensive care unit; IVH intraventricular haemorrhage. *Criteria included in the combined outcome “Composite neonatal outcome”