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Table 1 Comparison of the three neonatal composite outcomes

From: Impact of implementation of a breech clinic in a tertiary hospital

Term Breech Trial outcome PREMODA outcome Erasme breech clinic outcome
Fetal or neonatal mortality Fetal or neonatal mortality Fetal or neonatal mortality
Birth trauma including:
- Subdural hematoma
- Intracerebral or intraventricular haemorrhage
- Spinal cord injury
- Basal skull fracture
- Peripheral-nerve injury present at discharge
- Clinically significant genital injury
Birth trauma including:
- Subdural hematoma
- Intracerebral or intraventricular haemorrhage
- Spinal cord injury
- Basal skull fracture
- Peripheral-nerve injury present at discharge
- Clinically significant genital injury
Birth trauma including:
- Subdural hematoma
- Intracerebral or intraventricular haemorrhage
- Spinal cord injury
- Basal skull fracture
- Peripheral-nerve injury present at discharge
- Clinically significant genital injury
Seizures occurring at less than 24 h of age or requiring two or more drugs to control them Seizures occurring at less than 24 h of age Seizures occurring at less than 24 h of age or requiring two or more drugs to control them
Five-minute Apgar score of less than four Five-minute Apgar score of less than four Five-minute Apgar score of less than four
Cord-blood base deficit of at least 15 / Cord-blood base deficit of at least 15
Hypotonia for at least 2 h / /
Stupor / /
Decreased response to pain, or coma / /
Intubation and ventilation for at least 24 h Intubation and ventilation for at least 24 h Intubation and ventilation for at least 24 h
Tube feeding for 4 days or more Parenteral or tube feeding for at least 4 days Parenteral or exclusive tube feeding for at least 4 days
Admission to the neonatal intensive care unit for longer than 4 days Admission to the neonatal intensive care unit for longer than 4 days Admission to the neonatal intensive care unit for longer than 4 days